Michele Barbi

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The 1:1 phase locking of the neural discharge to sinusoidally modulated stimuli was investigated both theoretically and experimentally. On the theoretical side, a neural encoder model, the self-inhibited leaky integrator, was considered, and the phase of the locked impulse was computed for each frequency in the locking range by imposing the condition that(More)
Starting from the experimental data on ATP evoked calcium responses in astrocytes, a biophysical model describing these phenomena was built. The simulations showed, in agreement with the experimental findings, that the intracellular calcium fluxes mediated by the P2X and P2Y purinoreceptors are responsible for the biphasic ATP evoked calcium response in(More)
The encoding of light stimuli into spike trains in the Limulus lateral eye is shown to be markedly nonlinear in our conditions of stimulation. Our experimental results support the conclusion that nonlinearities are enhanced by lateral inhibition but arise within the single ommatidium, and are due to the high gain in the transduction from generator potential(More)
We analyse a model for neural activity including forgetting and self-inhibition processes. The analysis concerns the static and dynamic performances. The theoretical predictions are compared with previously published experimental data on the neural encoding in the ommatidia of the Limulus lateral eye. We conclude that the analysed model could reproduce the(More)
Experimental results revealed that in neocortex inhibitory fast-spiking (FS) interneurons interact also by electrical synapses (gap-junctions). They receive sensory information from thalamus and transfer it to principal cells by feedforward inhibition. Moreover, their synchronous discharge enhances their inhibitory control of pyramidal neurons. By using a(More)
The random sequence of openings and closings of single ion channels and the channel conductances have been the object of intense study over the past two decades with a view toward illuminating the underlying kinetics of the channel protein molecules. Channels that are sensitive to voltage, such as many K(+)-selective channels, have been particularly useful,(More)
Although it is well-known that prolonged exposure to microgravity environment such as in space travel results in derangements of orthostasis, recent evidence suggests that even short-term exposure may have similar effects and parallels such common examples as prolonged bed rest. Whereas spectral analysis of heart rate and systolic blood pressure have been(More)
The response of a healthy lateral eye of Limulus to constant, uniform and sufficiently intense light stimulation, consists of a sustained oscillatory discharge, all ommatidia firing synchronously in bursts, at intervals of about 0.2 s (Barlow and Fraioli, 1978). This response has been analysed by a computer simulation, where the performance of the single(More)
Signals which are the sum of two sinusoids of frequencies v 1 and v 2 are used to stimulate: i) an electronic analog of the leaky integrator neural model, ii) the visual neurons of the Limulus lateral eye. This makes it possible to investigate the resonant amplification of the impulse density modulation for v 1+v 2 which approaches the free-run discharge(More)
A method to test the Markov nature of ion channel gating is proposed. It makes use of singly and doubly conditional distributions. The application of this method to recordings from single BK channels provides evidence that at least two states of the underlying kinetic scheme are left at a constant rate. Moreover, the probabilities, when leaving a state, of(More)