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Most colorectal cancers display chromosomal instability, which is characterized by gross chromosomal rearrangements, loss of heterozygosity and aneuploidy. We have previously demonstrated a link between JC virus strains Mad-1 and Delta98 and colorectal cancer. Others have also associated the virus to the induction of colon cancer and aneuploid brain tumors(More)
To successfully target Notch receptors as part of a multidrug anticancer strategy, it will be essential to fully characterize the factors that are modulated by Notch signaling. We recently reported that Notch3 silencing in HCC results in p53 up-regulation in vitro and, therefore, we focused on the mechanisms that associate Notch3 to p53 protein expression.(More)
Sorafenib (Nexavar), a multiple kinase inhibitor, is the only clinically approved drug for patients with advanced HCC. However, its therapeutic success is limited by the emergence of drug resistance. Here we found that p21 and pGSK3βSer9 are major players in the resistance to sorafenib. We recently reported that aberrant Notch3 expression in HCC contributes(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) ranks fifth in frequency worldwide amongst all human cancers causing one million deaths annually. Despite many promising treatment options, long-term prognosis remains dismal for the majority of patients who develop recurrence or present with advanced disease. Notch signaling is an evolutionarily conserved pathway crucial for(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fifth most common malignancy worldwide. There is a substantial need for new chemotherapeutic drugs effective against this tumor. Doxorubicin (DOXO), used for chemoembolization of HCCs, is poorly efficacious when administered systemically at conventional doses; dose escalation is hindered by unacceptable toxicity. Here,(More)
In order to improve the efficacy of doxorubicin (DOXO) in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinomas, the drug was conjugated with lactosaminated human albumin (L-HSA), a hepatotropic drug carrier. Conjugation was performed using the (6-maleimidocaproyl)hydrazone derivative of the drug (DOXO-EMCH). The maleimide group of DOXO-EMCH reacts with the(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Doxorubicin was conjugated with lactosaminated human albumin, a hepatotropic drug carrier, in order to increase its efficacy in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma. In rats bearing hepatocellular carcinomas induced by diethylnitrosamine, lactosaminated human albumin coupled doxorubicin enhanced the drug concentrations in the tumours(More)
Coupling to lactosaminated human albumin (L-HSA) makes doxorubicin (DOXO) an effective drug against chemically induced rat hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs). In the conjugate there is a large heterogeneity in the number of DOXO molecules bound to one L-HSA molecule. After lyophilization, the molecules with the higher DOXO load form large complexes (C-DOXOL),(More)
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is the term used to describe many kinds of products, practices, and systems that are not part of conventional medicine. Cancer patients usually do everything they can to combat the disease, manage its symptoms, and cope with the side effects of treatment. Unfortunately, patients who use CAM underestimate the risk(More)
The finding that imatinib enhances the drug transport from bloodstream to neoplastic cells suggested a possible role of this drug as an adjuvant to the chemotherapeutics given in the treatment of solid malignancies.The present experiments aimed to verify whether imatinib can selectively increase the penetration of a doxorubicin-lactosaminated human albumin(More)