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OBJECTIVES To examine the clinical effectiveness of a stepped care approach over a 12-month period after an acute whiplash injury; to estimate the costs and cost-effectiveness of each strategy including treatments and subsequent health-care costs; and to gain participants' perspective on experiencing whiplash injury, NHS treatment, and recovery within the(More)
Although the average toddler's cognitive skills may be limited, children three and younger have emotional responses to the death of someone they have known. Theories and research indicate that children's individual characteristics, their developmental stage including cognitive level, and their environmental and familial experiences must be considered to(More)
OBJECTIVE To undertake a national survey to determine current practice for the management of whiplash injuries in UK emergency departments (ED). METHODS Postal questionnaire survey. 316 lead consultants from all UK ED with annual new attendances of over 50 000 people were asked to indicate the use of a range of treatments and the frequency with which(More)
Confusion in 91 hospitalized patients over 60 years of age who had sustained hip fracture and undergone subsequent surgical repair was examined in seven hospitals in five states. The relationship of nursing activities, patient, surgical, and environmental variables to the extent of confusion apparent in the sample was explored. Data were gathered by record(More)
Characteristics of instruments developed by nurses for use in evaluating delirium/acute confusional states include relative emphasis on observable behavior and the need to impose low respondent burden. Two instruments that have been most used by nurse researchers are described: The Confusion Rating Scale and the NEECHAM Confusion Scale. The former is based(More)
The extent to which the incidence of postoperative acute confusional states could be reduced in elderly (greater than or equal to age 60) patients with hip fractures was tested. Interpersonal and environmental nursing interventions were carried out with 57 patients on orthopedic units in three hospitals. The incidence of confusion was reduced from 51.5% in(More)
We present SWARM, a wearable affective technology designed to help a user to reflect on their own emotional state, modify their affect, and interpret the emotional states of others. SWARM aims for a universal design (inclusive of people with various disabilities), with a focus on modular actuation components to accommodate users' sensory capabilities and(More)
Values of 75 graduate nursing students in one university school of nursing were compared at times of entry into the program and at the completion of one academic year of study. Gordon's Survey of Interpersonal Values and Survey of Personal Values and a questionnaire were used to collect data. The students' perceived impact of certain educational factors was(More)