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BACKGROUND Baroreflex-mediated parasympathetic stimulation has variable effects on heart rate variability (HRV). We postulated that a quadratic function would describe the relationship between HRV and parasympathetic effect better than a linear function. METHODS AND RESULTS Twenty-nine normal volunteers (15 women; mean age 39+/-12 years) were studied(More)
BACKGROUND Myocardial infarcts are routinely detected by nuclear imaging techniques such as single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging. A newly developed technique for infarct detection based on contrast-enhanced cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) has higher spatial resolution than SPECT. We postulated that this(More)
BACKGROUND Previous animal studies have demonstrated that the transmural extent of acute myocardial infarction defined by contrast-enhanced MRI (ceMRI) relates to early restoration of flow and future improvements in contractile function. We tested the hypothesis that ceMRI would have similar predictive value in humans. METHODS AND RESULTS Twenty-four(More)
OBJECTIVES We tested whether an assessment of myocardial scarring by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) would improve risk stratification in patients evaluated for implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) implantation. BACKGROUND Current sudden cardiac death risk stratification emphasizes left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF); however, most(More)
Interaction is crucial to student satisfaction in online courses. Adding synchronous components (virtual classroom technologies) to online courses can facilitate interaction. In this study, interaction within a synchronous virtual classroom was investigated by surveying 21 graduate students in an instructional technology program in the southeastern United(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with sarcoidosis, sudden death is a leading cause of mortality, which may represent unrecognized cardiac involvement. Delayed-enhancement cardiovascular magnetic resonance (DE-CMR) can detect minute amounts of myocardial damage. We sought to compare DE-CMR with standard clinical evaluation for the identification of cardiac(More)
BACKGROUND The identification and assessment of myocardial infarction (MI) are important for therapeutic and prognostic purposes, yet current recommended diagnostic strategies have significant limitations. We prospectively tested the performance of delayed-enhancement magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with gadolinium-based contrast for the detection of MI in(More)
BACKGROUND Myocardial salvage after acute myocardial infarction is defined clinically by early restoration of flow and long-term improvement in contractile function. We hypothesized that contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), performed early after myocardial infarction, indexes myocardial salvage. We studied the relationship between the(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) is considered the reference standard for assessment of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and myocardial damage. However, few studies have evaluated the relationship between CMR findings and patient outcome, and of these, most are small and none multicenter. We performed an international, multicenter study(More)