Michele A. Medinsky

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Studies were completed in F344/N rats and B6C3F1 mice to determine the effect of dose, dose rate, route of administration, and rodent species on formation of total and individual benzene metabolites. Oral doses of 50 mg/kg or higher saturated the capacity for benzene metabolism in both rats and mice, resulting in an increased proportion of the administered(More)
The Working Group on Neurogenic Inflammation proposed 11 testable hypotheses in the three domains of neurogenic inflammation, perceptual and central integration, and nonneurogenic inflammation. The working group selected the term people reporting chemical sensitivity (PRCS) to identify the primary subject group. In the domain of neurogenic inflammation,(More)
1,3-Butadiene (butadiene) is a potent carcinogen in mice, but not in rats. Metabolic studies may provide an explanation of these species differences and their relevance to humans. Male Sprague-Dawley rats and B6C3F1 mice were exposed for 6 h to 200 ppm [2,3-14C]-butadiene (specific radioactivity [sa] 20 mCi/mmol) in a Cannon nose-only system. Radioactivity(More)
Benzene, an important industrial solvent, is also present in unleaded gasoline and cigarette smoke. The hematotoxic effects of benzene in humans are well documented and include aplastic anemia, pancytopenia, and acute myelogenous leukemia. However, the risks of leukemia at low exposure concentrations have not been established. A combination of metabolites(More)
Studies conducted by the National Toxicology Program on the chronic toxicity of benzene indicated that B6C3F1 mice were more sensitive to the carcinogenic effects of benzene than were F344 rats. A physiological model was developed to describe the uptake and metabolism of benzene in rats and mice. Our objective was to determine if differences in toxic(More)
Benzene, an important industrial solvent, is also present in unleaded gasoline and cigarette smoke. The hematotoxic effects of benzene are well documented and include aplastic anemia and pancytopenia. Some individuals exposed repeatedly to cytotoxic concentrations of benzene develop acute myeloblastic anemia. It has been hypothesized that metabolism of(More)
1,3-Butadiene (BD), a rodent carcinogen, is metabolized to mutagenic and DNA-reactive epoxides. In vitro data suggest that this oxidation is mediated by cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1). In this study, we tested the hypothesis that oxidation of BD by CYP2E1 is required for genotoxicity to occur. Inhalation exposures were conducted with B6C3F1 mice using a(More)
37 Artikel über Forschungsmethoden und Studiendesignvorschläge zu MCS. Publiziert in wissenschaftlichen Fachzeitungen (peer-review) bis 10/99. Alphabetisch sortiert nach Autor 1. Anonymous. 1998. NIEHS seeks data on multiple chemical sensitivity [news]. Song. 1997. Individual differences in neural sensitization and the role of context in illness from(More)