Michele A. Bergfeld

Learn More
Diabetes mellitus was induced in Lewis rats by streptozotocin, and these animals and control rats fed ad lib were studied after 7 weeks. At the time of sacrifice, nondecalcified histological sections of bone were prepared and subsequently quantitated by micromorphometric techniques. In addition, tibial alkaline phosphatase and mineral ash content were(More)
Research and management of XLH have concentrated on the disease in childhood, and the natural history and morbidity of XLH in adult life are thus poorly understood. We have studied 22 adults (6 men) with XLH to clarify these aspects of this most common inherited form of rickets and osteomalacia. Most study participants had presented with rickets in early(More)
Vitamin A toxicity has been associated with alterations in mineral metabolism and may result in osteopenia, fractures, deformities, and growth arrest. The pathogenesis of the bone lesions that occur in vitamin A toxicity is, however, ill defined and was examined in the present study. The administration of pharmacological doses of vitamin A to growing male(More)
Osteoporosis is a state of reduced skeletal mass characterized by various rates of bone remodeling. Multiple locally elaborated factors have been identified that appear to influence the cellular events in bone remodeling. The possible role(s) of these factors in the pathogenesis of osteoporosis is unknown. One such factor, interleukin 1 (IL-1), is of(More)
Although it is well known that aluminum (Al) plays a role in the development of osteomalacia in patients with chronic renal failure, the mechanisms are not fully understood. Since the osteoblasts are the cells responsible for the formation of osteoid tissue, which is greatly affected in patients with Al-induced osteomalacia, it is possible that Al could(More)
Investigation of the kindred of a 58-year-old woman with all of the features of "adult" hypophosphatasia revealed 12 individuals in 3 generations with subnormal circulating total alkaline phosphatase (AP) activity. The pattern of inheritance suggested autosomal dominant transmission, with incomplete penetrance of the trait particularly in the young males.(More)
PURPOSE AND PATIENTS AND METHODS X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH) is the most common inherited form of rickets, yet its influence on skeletal mass in adulthood is controversial and incompletely characterized. Accordingly, we measured bone mass at several skeletal sites using histomorphometric and radiographic techniques in 19 adults (four men) with XLH (age(More)
Twenty-six women with untreated postmenopausal osteoporosis underwent iliac crest biopsy following tetracycline-labeling and mineral metabolism studies. Histomorphometric assessment of their bone remodeling rates, including formation determined by the tetracycline-labeling technique, revealed considerable variation. Eight women had no evidence of active(More)
We studied the effects of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) on the histological manifestations of uremic bone disease. Twelve patients underwent bone biopsy immediately prior to and after one year of such treatment. Those with larger quantities of non-mineralized bone matrix (osteoid) experienced a reduction in relative osteoid volume, mean(More)