Michela Siena

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The NF2 gene product, merlin/schwannomin, is a cytoskeleton organizer with unique growth-inhibiting activity in specific cell types. A narrow spectrum of tumors is associated with NF2 deficiency, mainly schwannomas and meningiomas, suggesting cell-specific mechanisms of growth control. We have investigated merlin function in mouse Schwann cells (SCs). We(More)
Exploration of the immunomodulatory activities of the multifunctional cytokine interleukin-11 (IL-11) has prompted several therapeutic applications. The immunomodulatory effects of IL-11 on human antigen-presenting cells and on T cells were investigated. IL-11 inhibited IL-12 production by activated CD14(+) monocytes, but not by mature dendritic cells (DCs)(More)
Upregulation of specific transcription factors is a generally accepted mechanism to explain the commitment of hematopoietic stem cells along precise maturation lineages. Based on this premise, transduction of primary hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells with viral vectors containing the investigated transcription factors appears as a suitable experimental(More)
In spite of their apparently restricted differentiation potentiality, hematopoietic precursors are plastic cells able to trans-differentiate from a maturation lineage to another. To better characterize this differentiation plasticity, we purified CD14− and CD14+ myeloid precursors generated by ‘in vitro’ culture of human CD34+ hematopoietic progenitors.(More)
The gene expression profile of CD34(-) hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and the correlations with their biological properties are still poorly understood. To address this issue, we used the DNA microarray technology to compare the expression profiles of different peripheral blood hemopoietic stem/progenitor cell subsets, lineage-negative (Lin(-)) CD34(-),(More)
Although supraphysiological levels of 1alpha, 25 dihydroxyvitamin D3 (VD) have been demonstrated extensively to induce the monomacrophagic differentiation of leukemic myelo- and monoblasts, little is known about the role that physiological levels of this vitamin could play in the regulation of normal hematopoiesis. To clarify this issue, we adopted a(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a pleiotropic cytokine involved in the regulation of proliferation and differentiation of hematopoietic cells and in the pathogenesis of many diseases, including multiple myeloma. This study pursues a way to interfere with IL-6 pathway in an attempt to modulate its biological activity. Here we describe the rational design and(More)
The nonreceptor tyrosine kinase Fes is implicated in myeloid cells differentiation. It has been observed that its localization can be cytoplasmic, perinuclear, or nuclear. To further characterize this point, we studied Fes subcellular localization in myeloid cell lines (HL60 and K562) and in COS1 cells. Fes was observed in both the nucleus and the cytoplasm(More)
By high density oligonucleotide microarrays we have studied the expression profile of proliferating and VD treated HL60 cells and the molecular phenotype of VD monocytes and that of CD14+ peripheral monocytes has been compared. The results indicate that important changes in functional categories of the differentially expressed genes underlie the(More)
Although all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) can restore the differentiation capacity of leukemic promyelocytes, early leukemic myeloblasts are conversely not responsive to ATRA induced granulocytic differentiation. To assess whether this resistance to ATRA is related to an impaired function of the Retinoic Acid Receptor α (RARα), we performed an analysis of(More)