Michela Rosini

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Our understanding of the pathogenesis of diseases has advanced enormously in recent decades. As a consequence, drug discovery has gradually shifted from an entirely humanphenotype-based endeavor to today’s reductionist approach centered on single molecular targets. The focus has shifted from the early animal models to isolated proteins via cellular models.(More)
In this work, we review and comment upon the challenges and the 'quo vadis' in Alzheimer's disease drug discovery at the beginning of the new millennium. We emphasize recent approaches that, moving on from a target-centric approach, have produced innovative molecular probes or drug candidates. In particular, the discovery of endosome-targeted BACE1(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a multifactorial syndrome with several target proteins contributing to its etiology. To confront AD, an innovative strategy is to design single chemical entities able to simultaneously modulate more than one target. Here, we present compounds that inhibit acetylcholinesterase and NMDA receptor activity. Furthermore, these(More)
Novel multi-target-directed ligands were designed by replacing the inner dipiperidino function of 3 with less flexible or completely rigid moieties to obtain compounds endowed with multiple biological properties that might be relevant to Alzheimer's disease. 15 was the most interesting, inhibiting AChE in the nanomolar range and inhibiting AChE-induced and(More)
Lipoic acid (LA) is a natural antioxidant. Its structure was previously combined with that of the acetylcholinesterase inhibitor tacrine to give lipocrine (1), a lead compound multitargeted against Alzheimer's disease (AD). Herein, we further explore LA as a privileged structure for developing multimodal compounds to investigate AD. First, we studied the(More)
The universal template approach to drug design foresees that a polyamine can be modified in such a way to recognize any neurotransmitter receptor. Thus, hybrids of polymethylene tetraamines and philanthotoxins, exemplified by methoctramine (1) and PhTX-343 (2), respectively, were synthesized to produce novel inhibitors of muscular nicotinic acetylcholine(More)
Redox impairment is a prominent feature of Alzheimer's disease (AD). It has led to the "oxidative stress hypothesis", which proposes antioxidants as beneficial therapeutic tools in AD treatment. To date, a wide variety of antioxidants have been examined as neuroprotectants. However, success has been elusive in clinical trials. Several factors have(More)
The coupling of two different pharmacophores, each endowed with different biological properties, afforded the hybrid compound lipocrine (7), whose biological profile was markedly improved relative to those of prototypes tacrine and lipoic acid. Lipocrine is the first compound that inhibits the catalytic activity of AChE and AChE-induced amyloid-beta(More)
To date, the pharmacotherapy of Alzheimer's disease (AD) has relied on acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors (AChEIs) and, more recently, an N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) antagonist. AD is a multifactorial syndrome with several target proteins contributing to its etiology. "Multi-target-directed ligands" (MTDLs) have great potential for treating(More)