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The beneficial effects of statins on the reduction of cardiovascular events has been partly attributed to their anti-inflammatory properties. In the complex of the different pathogenetic events leading to atherosclerosis, recent data suggest a central role of monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), because mice knock-out for MCP-1 or its receptor(More)
BACKGROUND The present study is aimed to identify genetic pathways correlated with chemoresistance in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). METHODS We compared the molecular profiles of 23 tumour biopsies of stage III-IV (training set) at primary surgery, before chemotherapy, to the profile from the same patients at second surgery, after several lines of(More)
IL-6-/- mice showed impaired leukocyte accumulation in subcutaneous air pouches. Defective leukocyte accumulation was not due to a reduced migratory capacity of IL-6-/- leukocytes and was associated with a reduced in situ production of chemokines. These observations led to a reexamination of the interaction of IL-6 with endothelial cells (EC). EC express(More)
Paraquat (PQ) is a widely used herbicide that causes acute adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and chronic lung damage (diffuse fibrosis). One of the earliest biochemical effects induced by PQ is damage to type II pneumocytes with consequent depletion of surfactant. With the aim of counteracting the toxic effects of PQ, a series of investigations(More)
The pulmonary inflammatory response to NO2 exposure was measured by evaluating a series of biochemical and cellular parameters in rat bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. Animals were exposed to 9 mg/m3 (5 ppm) or 18 mg/m3 (10 ppm) of the gas for 24 h or 7 days. After bronchoalveolar lavage collection, a differential count of polymorphonuclear leukocytes,(More)
We investigated in rats whether aspartame intake affected the susceptibility to seizures induced chemically (metrazol, quinolinic acid) or electrically (electroshock). Aspartame (0.75-1.0 g/kg), given orally as a single bolus to 16-hr fasted animals 60 min before metrazol, significantly increased the number of animals showing clonic-tonic seizures. At 1.0(More)
Studies assessing sexual dysfunction in type 2 diabetic women are scanty. This study was designed to evaluate the prevalence and correlates of female sexual function in a quite large population of diabetic women. A total of 595 women with type 2 diabetes completed a questionnaire of self-report measures of sexual dysfunction and were analyzed in this study.(More)
PURPOSE Epithelial ovarian tumors (EOT) are among the most lethal of malignancies in women. We have previously identified ZIC2 as expressed at a higher level in samples of a malignant form (MAL) of EOT than in samples of a form with low malignant potential (LMP). We have now investigated the role of ZIC2 in driving tumor growth and its association with(More)
The 1,4- and the 1,5-benzodiazepines (BDZ) are commonly used as anxiolytic and anticonvulsive drugs. It has been suggested that they influence, particularly through stimulation of peripheral BDZ receptors, some immune cell properties such as pro-inflammatory cytokine production. The availability of a new class of [1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a][1,5]benzodiazepine(More)
The mutagenic effect of epichlorohydrin (ECH) on the yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe was studied in vitro in the presence of mouse-liver S9 mix and microsomal and cytosolic fractions. The incubations were always performed in the absence of NADPH-generating systems. S9 mix and microsomes from phenobarbital-pretreated mice significantly reduced ECH(More)