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In the past decade, a growing bulk of evidence has accumulated to suggest that patients suffering from major depression (MD) present some cognitive disturbances, such as impairment in attention, working memory, and executive function, including cognitive inhibition, problem- and task-planning. If the results of short-term memory assessment in depressed(More)
BACKGROUND Mitochondria play a key role in the production of the cell energy. The final product of this process is adenosine triphosphate (ATP), used as a source of chemical energy. Besides this major role, mithocondria have been shown to be involved in other functions, such as signaling, cellular differentiation, cell death, as well as the control of the(More)
Data on the specific effects of sex on pharmacokinetics, as well as tolerability, safety, and efficacy of psychotropic medications are still meager, mainly because only recently sex-related issues have attracted a certain degree of interest within the pharmacological domain. Therefore, with the present study, we aimed to provide a comprehensive review of(More)
Mitochondria are membrane-enclosed organelle found in most eukaryotic cells, where they generate the majority of the cell's supply of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), used as a source of chemical energy. In addition, they are involved in a range of other processes, such as signalling, cellular differentiation, cell death, as well as the control of the cell(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The aim of this study was to investigate the serotonin transporter (SERT), by means of the 3H-paroxetine ([3H]-Par) binding to platelet membranes, in patients affected by pathological gambling (PG), as compared with a similar group of healthy control subjects. METHODS Seventeen PG patients were selected amongst those who were drug-free and(More)
AIM Although the precise nature of pathological gambling (PG) is still elusive, currently it is considered an impulse-control disorder that shares several features with substance dependence, such as deficit in self-regulation and impaired impulsivity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impulsivity of PG patients by means of the Barratt Impulsivity(More)
The present study explored the possible relationships between impulsivity, gender, and a peripheral serotonergic marker, the platelet serotonin (5-HT) transporter (SERT), in a group of 32 healthy subjects. The impulsivity was measured by means of the Barratt Impulsivity Scale, version 11 (BIS-11), a widely used self-report questionnaire, and the platelet(More)
Since the late 1960s, the serotonin deficiency, as demonstrated in major depression, was related to an increased activity of the liver enzyme tryptophan-pyrrolase stimulated by an excess of circulating corticosteroids, which would shift the metabolism of tryptophan from serotonin to kynurenine production. The finding that the kynurenine causes different(More)
Although the beneficial effects of balneotherapy have been recognized since a long time, a few information is available on the biological mechanisms underlying them and the subjective feelings of increased well-being and mood. The links between the serotonin (5-HT) system and mood prompted us to investigate the 5-HT platelet transporter (SERT), which is(More)
A large amount of the data gathered in the last 50 years support the hypothesis that alterations of the serotonin (5-HT) neurotransmission play a crucial role in the pathophysiology of not only major depression (MD), but also of different neuropsychiatric disorders. Research in this field has been substantially promoted by the evidence that the reuptake(More)