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The purinergic P2X receptors are ligand-gated cation channels activated by the endogenous ligand ATP. They assemble as homo- or heterotrimers from seven cloned subtypes (P2X1-7) and all trimer subunits present a common topology consisting in intracellular N- and C- termini, two transmembrane domains and a large extracellular domain. These membrane proteins(More)
In this work, we have highlighted data reported in the literature trying to draw a complete picture of the structures and biological activity of agonists and orthosteric antagonists of P2X receptors. Actually, only few P2X receptor agonists have been found and most of them are derived from modification of the natural ligand ATP and they are P2X receptor(More)
Guanosine, released extracellularly from neurons and glial cells, plays important roles in the central nervous system, including neuroprotection. The innovative DELFIA Eu-GTP binding assay was optimized for characterization of the putative guanosine receptor binding site at rat brain membranes by using a series of novel and known guanosine derivatives.(More)
Neuropeptide S (NPS) is a 20-amino acid peptide of great interest due to its possible involvement in several biological processes, including food intake, locomotion, wakefulness, arousal, and anxiety. Structure-activity relationship studies of NPS have identified key points for structural modifications with the goal of modulating NPS receptor (NPSR) agonist(More)
A3 Adenosine receptors are promising drug targets for a number of diseases and intense efforts are dedicated to develop selective agonists and antagonists of these receptors. A series of adenosine derivatives with 2-(ar)-alkynyl chains, with high affinity and different degrees of selectivity for human A3 adenosine receptors was tested for the ability to(More)
The aim of the present paper was to investigate the role of the octamethylene spacer of methoctramine (1) on the biological profile. Thus, this spacer was incorporated into a dianiline or dipiperidine moiety to determine whether flexibility and the basicity of the inner nitrogen atoms are important determinants of potency with respect to muscarinic(More)
Importance of making available selective adenosine receptor antagonists is boosted by recent findings of adenosine involvement in many CNS dysfunctions. In the present work a series of 8-bromo-9-alkyl adenines are prepared and fully characterized in radioligand binding assays or functional cyclase experiments in respect to their interaction with all the(More)
Gene delivery to eukaryotic cells is the technique to study the regulation of gene expression. Human astrocytoma cell line 1321N1 could be useful to study G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). Different transient transfection methods, namely calcium phosphate, Lipofectamine, FuGENE, Arrest-In, and microporation (Microporator), were investigated. Results were(More)
In this work, an innovative and non-radioactive functional cAMP assay was validated at the GPR17 receptor. This assay provides a simple and powerful new system to monitor G protein-coupled receptor activity through change in the intracellular cAMP concentration by using a mutant form of Photinus pyralis luciferase into which a cAMP-binding protein moiety(More)
A liquid chromatographic stationary phase containing immobilized membranes from cells expressing A(2A) adenosine receptor (A(2A)AR) is firstly described. Cellular membranes from CHO cells stably transfected with human A(2A)AR vector (A(2A)(+)) and from the same cell line transfected with the corresponding empty vector (A(2A)(-)) were entrapped on(More)