Michel Y. Jaffrin

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We propose a method for calculating directly total body water (TBW) volumes (V (t)) from whole body resistance extrapolated at infinite frequency (R (infinity)) using a XITRON 4200 impedance meter. Mean TBW resistivities for men and women were determined from measurements of R (infinity) and fat-free mass (FFM(d)) measured by DXA in 58 healthy subjects(More)
Extracellular (ECW) and intracellular (ICW) volumes were measured using both segmental and wrist-ankle (W-A) bioimpedance spectroscopy (5-1000 kHz) in 15 healthy subjects (7 men, 8 women). In the 1st protocol, the subject, after sitting for 30 min, laid supine for at least 30 min. In the second protocol, the subject, who had been supine for 1 hr, sat up in(More)
This article compares the determination of body fat-free-mass (FFM) by impedance, using either hand-to-foot resistance (R₁₃) or foot-to-foot one (R₃₄) from comparison with dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) measurements in a normal population. The first goal was to see if the foot-to-foot resistance used in body fat analysers provides less accurate information(More)
A method for extrapolating the extracellular water (ECW) resistance from wrist-ankle resistance at 50 kHz (R (50)) is proposed in this paper, in order to enable 50 kHz impedancemeters to use the BIS-Hanai equation for determination of ECW. Values of R (50) and the ECW resistance extrapolated at zero frequency R (e) were measured in a first group of 57(More)
Our main goal was to test various impedance methods for measuring body composition in adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN) during refeeding therapy. A specific objective was to compare the information provided by a foot-to-foot impedancemeter (FFI) with that supplied by a medical multifrequency impedancemeter and by dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). We(More)
The electronics of a BodySignal V2 (Tefal, France) foot-to-foot impedancemeter (FFI) was modified to display the foot-to-foot resistance instead of body fat. This device was connected to electrodes of different sizes mounted on a podoscope permitting photographs of subjects feet soles and electrodes in order to calculate the contact area between feet and(More)
Regional body composition measurements may be achieved in a single operation with impedancemeters equipped with four plantar and four hand electrodes. By measuring sequentially the resistances of five current lines connecting the hands and feet and solving a system of five linear equations, it is possible to calculate the resistances of each limb and the(More)
Segmental measurements of limb resistances permit to evaluate the regional distribution of fat-free-mass (FFM). As shown by Organ et al. (J Appl Physiol 1994;77:98-112) "virtual" limb resistances can be measured with only peripheral electrodes at ankle and wrist, which is faster and does not require undressing. This paper presents a different method for(More)
This paper investigates the measurement of fat-free mass (FFM) by bioimpedance using foot-to-foot impedancemeters (FFI) with plantar electrodes measuring the foot-to-foot resistance R34 and hand-to-foot medical impedancemeters. FFM measurements were compared with corresponding data using Dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Equations giving FFM were established(More)
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