Michel Y. Jaffrin

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We propose a method for calculating directly total body water (TBW) volumes (V (t)) from whole body resistance extrapolated at infinite frequency (R (infinity)) using a XITRON 4200 impedance meter. Mean TBW resistivities for men and women were determined from measurements of R (infinity) and fat-free mass (FFM(d)) measured by DXA in 58 healthy subjects(More)
Extracellular (ECW) and intracellular (ICW) volumes were measured using both segmental and wrist-ankle (W-A) bioimpedance spectroscopy (5-1000 kHz) in 15 healthy subjects (7 men, 8 women). In the 1st protocol, the subject, after sitting for 30 min, laid supine for at least 30 min. In the second protocol, the subject, who had been supine for 1 hr, sat up in(More)
This article compares the determination of body fat-free-mass (FFM) by impedance, using either hand-to-foot resistance (R₁₃) or foot-to-foot one (R₃₄) from comparison with dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) measurements in a normal population. The first goal was to see if the foot-to-foot resistance used in body fat analysers provides less accurate information(More)
Our main goal was to test various impedance methods for measuring body composition in adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN) during refeeding therapy. A specific objective was to compare the information provided by a foot-to-foot impedancemeter (FFI) with that supplied by a medical multifrequency impedancemeter and by dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). We(More)
A method for extrapolating the extracellular water (ECW) resistance from wrist-ankle resistance at 50 kHz (R (50)) is proposed in this paper, in order to enable 50 kHz impedancemeters to use the BIS-Hanai equation for determination of ECW. Values of R (50) and the ECW resistance extrapolated at zero frequency R (e) were measured in a first group of 57(More)
The electronics of a BodySignal V2 (Tefal, France) foot-to-foot impedancemeter (FFI) was modified to display the foot-to-foot resistance instead of body fat. This device was connected to electrodes of different sizes mounted on a podoscope permitting photographs of subjects feet soles and electrodes in order to calculate the contact area between feet and(More)
Regional body composition measurements may be achieved in a single operation with impedancemeters equipped with four plantar and four hand electrodes. By measuring sequentially the resistances of five current lines connecting the hands and feet and solving a system of five linear equations, it is possible to calculate the resistances of each limb and the(More)
Segmental measurements of limb resistances permit to evaluate the regional distribution of fat-free-mass (FFM). As shown by Organ et al. (J Appl Physiol 1994;77:98-112) "virtual" limb resistances can be measured with only peripheral electrodes at ankle and wrist, which is faster and does not require undressing. This paper presents a different method for(More)
This paper investigates the measurement of fat-free mass (FFM) by bioimpedance using foot-to-foot impedancemeters (FFI) with plantar electrodes measuring the foot-to-foot resistance R34 and hand-to-foot medical impedancemeters. FFM measurements were compared with corresponding data using Dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Equations giving FFM were established(More)
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