Learn More
BACKGROUND Reduced duration of antibiotic treatment might contain the emergence of multidrug-resistant bacteria in intensive care units. We aimed to establish the effectiveness of an algorithm based on the biomarker procalcitonin to reduce antibiotic exposure in this setting. METHODS In this multicentre, prospective, parallel-group, open-label trial, we(More)
CONTEXT The optimal duration of antimicrobial treatment for ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is unknown. Shortening the length of treatment may help to contain the emergence of multiresistant bacteria in the intensive care unit (ICU). OBJECTIVE To determine whether 8 days is as effective as 15 days of antibiotic treatment of patients with(More)
Management of herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) has been considerably improved by the availability of acyclovir therapy and rapid polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based diagnostic assays. Prognostic factors for this rare affliction are, however, misestimated. We conducted a large retrospective multicenter study that included 93 adult patients in whom HSE was(More)
Little is known about severe imported malaria in nonendemic industrialized countries. The purpose of this retrospective study was to describe the clinical spectrum of severe imported malaria in adults and to determine factors that were present at admission and were associated with in-intensive care unit mortality. This retrospective study evaluated the 188(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies found increased survival times and decreased hospitalization rates since the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). OBJECTIVE To examine the impact of HAART on admission patterns and survival of HIV-infected patients admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU). DESIGN Prospective observational cohort study.(More)
We analyzed the adequacy of pain control for 17 trauma patients during the initial part of their stay in the intensive care unit, and assessed reasons for inadequate analgesia, if it occurred. Patients, and physicians, and nurses were interviewed. A verbal pain intensity scale was used to determine whether patients received adequate analgesia. Patients were(More)
BACKGROUND Large studies on severe imported malaria in non-endemic industrialized countries are lacking. We sought to describe the clinical spectrum of severe imported malaria in French adults and to identify risk factors for mortality at admission to the intensive care unit. METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Retrospective review of severe Plasmodium(More)
BACKGROUND Data on community spread of methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative staphylococci (MR-CoNS) are scarce. We assessed their potential role as a reservoir of staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) IVa, the leading SCCmec subtype in community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA). METHODS Nasal carriage of MR-CoNS(More)
Passive leg raising (PLR) is a maneuver performed to test the cardiac Frank-Starling mechanism. We assessed the influence of PLR-induced changes in preload on the performance of PLR-induced change in pulse pressure (ΔPLRPP) and cardiac output (ΔPLRCO) for fluid responsiveness prediction. Sedated, nonarrhythmic patients with persistent shock were included in(More)
To examine whether the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has changed the rate of admission, the clinical spectrum, and the mortality of HIV-infected ICU patients. Observational study. Infectious diseases ICU in a teaching hospital, Paris, France. All HIV-infected patients admitted during a pre-HAART era (1995–1996; n=189) and a(More)