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Neural circuits are shaped by experience in early postnatal life. Distinct GABAergic connections within visual cortex determine the timing of the critical period for rewiring ocular dominance to establish visual acuity. We find that maturation of the parvalbumin (PV)-cell network that controls plasticity onset is regulated by a selective re-expression of(More)
Engrailed-2 (En-2), a homeodomain transcription factor, is expressed in a caudal-to-rostral gradient in the developing midbrain, where it has an instructive role in patterning the optic tectum--the target of topographic retinal input. In addition to its well-known role in regulating gene expression through its DNA-binding domain, En-2 may also have a role(More)
BACKGROUND Engrailed-1 and Engrailed-2 are homeoproteins--transcription factors implicated in the morphogenesis of discrete structures. Engrailed proteins have a role in patterning the midbrain-hindbrain region and are expressed in the nuclei of rat embryo midbrain-hindbrain cells. We have previously found that both endogenous and exogenously expressed(More)
A major issue in regenerative medicine is the role of injury in promoting cell plasticity. Here we explore the function of reactive oxygen species (ROS) induced through lesions in adult zebrafish. We show that ROS production, following adult fin amputation, is tightly regulated in time and space for at least 24 hours, whereas ROS production remains(More)
We report here that the homeoproteins Engrailed-1 and Engrailed-2 are present in specific non-nuclear subcellular compartments. Using electron microscopy, we observed that chick-Engrailed-2 expressed in COS-7 cells associates with membrane fractions that are characterized as caveolae. This characterization is based on morphological, biochemical and(More)
Spinal motoneuron development is regulated by a variety of intrinsic and extrinsic factors. Among these, a possible role for homeoproteins is suggested by their expression in the motoneuron at relatively late stages. To investigate their possible involvement in motoneuron growth, we adapted a novel technique recently developed in this laboratory, based on(More)
Homeoproteins are transcription factors known to be involved in the early patterning of the nervous system and in lineage decisions. While studying a possible role for homeoproteins at later stages of neuronal differentiation, we observed that the Antennapedia homeodomain is internalized by neurons, translocated to their nuclei, and enhances neurite(More)
A cDNA clone, named T64, was isolated from a library of quail neuroretinal cells transformed by a thermosensitive v-src mutant of Rous sarcoma virus. it corresponds to the most abundant mRNA with thermodependent expression in these cells. T64 accumulation also correlated with pp60v-src activity in other cell types transformed by RSV, such as fibroblasts and(More)
Quail neuroretinal cells (QNR cells) from 7-day-old embryos do not proliferate even in the presence of 8% fetal calf serum. After infection by the Rous sarcoma virus (RSV) they proliferate actively and exhibit a transformed phenotype; this effect is mediated by the oncoprotein pp60v-src. Secondary cultures infected by the thermosensitive strain tsNY68 of(More)
The function of the beta-amyloid protein precursor (betaAPP), a transmembrane molecule involved in Alzheimer pathologies, is poorly understood. We recently reported the presence of a fraction of betaAPP in cholesterol and sphingoglycolipid-enriched microdomains (CSEM), a caveolae-like compartment specialized in signal transduction. To investigate whether(More)