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Neural circuits are shaped by experience in early postnatal life. Distinct GABAergic connections within visual cortex determine the timing of the critical period for rewiring ocular dominance to establish visual acuity. We find that maturation of the parvalbumin (PV)-cell network that controls plasticity onset is regulated by a selective re-expression of(More)
Engrailed-2 (En-2), a homeodomain transcription factor, is expressed in a caudal-to-rostral gradient in the developing midbrain, where it has an instructive role in patterning the optic tectum--the target of topographic retinal input. In addition to its well-known role in regulating gene expression through its DNA-binding domain, En-2 may also have a role(More)
BACKGROUND Engrailed-1 and Engrailed-2 are homeoproteins--transcription factors implicated in the morphogenesis of discrete structures. Engrailed proteins have a role in patterning the midbrain-hindbrain region and are expressed in the nuclei of rat embryo midbrain-hindbrain cells. We have previously found that both endogenous and exogenously expressed(More)
Spinal motoneuron development is regulated by a variety of intrinsic and extrinsic factors. Among these, a possible role for homeoproteins is suggested by their expression in the motoneuron at relatively late stages. To investigate their possible involvement in motoneuron growth, we adapted a novel technique recently developed in this laboratory, based on(More)
Homeoproteins are transcription factors known to be involved in the early patterning of the nervous system and in lineage decisions. While studying a possible role for homeoproteins at later stages of neuronal differentiation, we observed that the Antennapedia homeodomain is internalized by neurons, translocated to their nuclei, and enhances neurite(More)
A synthetic peptide that is 60 amino acids in length and corresponds to the homeobox sequence of antennapedia protein (pAntp) is specifically and efficiently captured by neurons in culture and conveyed to their nuclei. The internalization process is followed by a strong induction of neuronal morphological differentiation. In the study described here, all(More)
Homeodomain transcription factors classically exert their morphogenetic activities through the cell-autonomous regulation of developmental programs. In vertebrates, several homeoproteins have also been shown to have direct non-cell-autonomous activities in the developing nervous system. We present the first in vivo evidence for homeoprotein signaling in(More)
We report here that the homeoproteins Engrailed-1 and Engrailed-2 are present in specific non-nuclear subcellular compartments. Using electron microscopy, we observed that chick-Engrailed-2 expressed in COS-7 cells associates with membrane fractions that are characterized as caveolae. This characterization is based on morphological, biochemical and(More)
A major issue in regenerative medicine is the role of injury in promoting cell plasticity. Here we explore the function of reactive oxygen species (ROS) induced through lesions in adult zebrafish. We show that ROS production, following adult fin amputation, is tightly regulated in time and space for at least 24 hours, whereas ROS production remains(More)
The MAP1B (Mtap1b) promoter presents two evolutionary conserved overlapping homeoproteins and Hepatocyte nuclear factor 3beta (HNF3beta/Foxa2) cognate binding sites (defining putative homeoprotein/Fox sites, HF1 and HF2). Accordingly, the promoter domain containing HF1 and HF2 is recognized by cerebellum nuclear extracts containing Engrailed and Foxa2 and(More)