Michel Vidaud

Learn More
We have previously detected a large germ-line deletion, which included the entire p15/CDKN2B-p16/CDKN2A-p14/ARF gene cluster, in the largest melanoma-neural system tumor (NST) syndrome family known to date by means of heterozygosity mapping based on microsatellite markers. Here, we used gene dose mapping with sequence-tagged site real-time PCR to locate the(More)
We recently demonstrated that the product of the HERV-W env gene, a retroviral envelope protein also dubbed syncytin, is a highly fusogenic membrane glycoprotein inducing the formation of syncytia on interaction with the type D mammalian retrovirus receptor. In addition, the detection of HERV-W Env protein (Env-W) expression in placental tissue sections led(More)
The spectrum of cystic fibrosis (CF) mutations was determined in 105 patients by using denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis to screen the entire coding regions and adjacent cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene sequences. The nucleotide substitutions detected included 16 novel mutations, 11 previously described defects, and 11(More)
X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD) is a severe brain demyelinating disease in boys that is caused by a deficiency in ALD protein, an adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette transporter encoded by the ABCD1 gene. ALD progression can be halted by allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). We initiated a gene therapy trial in two ALD patients for(More)
The natural history of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients has never been studied according to the concept of liver fibrosis progression. The aim of this work was to assess the fibrosis progression rate in HIV-HCV coinfected patients and in patients infected by HCV only. A cohort of 122 HIV-HCV(More)
A large noncoding RNA called ANRIL (for antisense noncoding RNA in the INK4 locus) has been identified within the p15/CDKN2B-p16/CDKN2A-p14/ARF gene cluster. While the exact role of ANRIL awaited further elucidation, common disease genomewide association studies (GWAS) have surprisingly identified the ANRIL gene as a genetic susceptibility locus shared(More)
BACKGROUND Congenital infection with Toxoplasma gondii can produce serious sequelae. However, there is little consensus about screening during pregnancy, and the tests used to establish a prenatal diagnosis of toxoplasmosis are complex and slow. We evaluated a simpler approach that is based on a polymerase-chain-reaction (PCR) test. METHODS Prenatal(More)
UNLABELLED Pegylated interferon alfa-2a (PEG-IFN) may induce sustained virological response (SVR) in 20% of hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-negative chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients. In addition, loss of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) is achieved with a 10% yearly rate after treatment cessation in sustained responders. The aim of this study was to(More)
MYC gene overexpression was identified recently as a downstream step at the end of the Wnt/APC/beta-catenin pathway dysregulation observed in colorectal cancer (T-C. He et al., Science (Washington DC), 281: 1509-1512, 1998). It thus appears that an excess of c-myc protein is a primary cause of numerous cancers. In breast cancer, MYC has been studied mostly(More)
The human insulin-family genes regulate cell growth, metabolism, and tissue-specific functions. Among these different members, only INSL4 gene shows a predominant placenta-specific expression. Here, we show that the human INSL4 gene is tightly clustered with three other members of the human insulin superfamily (RLN1, RLN2, and INSL6) within a 176-kilobase(More)