Learn More
Ultrasonic irrigation of the root canal can be performed with or without simultaneous ultrasonic instrumentation. When canal shaping is not undertaken the term passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI) can be used to describe the technique. In this paper the relevant literature on PUI is reviewed from a MEDLINE database search. Passive ultrasonic irrigation can(More)
The snapping shrimp (Alpheus heterochaelis) produces a loud snapping sound by an extremely rapid closure of its snapper claw. One of the effects of the snapping is to stun or kill prey animals. During the rapid snapper claw closure, a high-velocity water jet is emitted from the claw with a speed exceeding cavitation conditions. Hydrophone measurements in(More)
AIM To test ex vivo the efficiency of laser-activated irrigation in removing dentine debris from the apical part of the root canal and to visualize in vitro the fluid dynamics during the activation of the irrigant by laser, using high-speed imaging at a relevant timescale. METHODOLOGY Root canals with a standardized groove in one canal wall filled with(More)
A new optical characterization of the behavior of single ultrasound contrast bubbles is presented. The method consists of insonifying individual bubbles several times successively sweeping the applied frequency, and to record movies of the bubble response up to 25 million frames/s with an ultrahigh speed camera operated in a segmented mode. The method,(More)
The main constituent of an ultrasound contrast agent (UCA) is gas-filled microbubbles. An average UCA contains billions per ml. These microbubbles are excellent ultrasound scatterers due to their high compressibility. In an ultrasound field they act as resonant systems, resulting in harmonic energy in the backscattered ultrasound signal, such as energy at(More)
Ultrasound contrast agents are now available since a few years and used for diagnostic purposes. Improved diagnostic decisions have been made possible with new imaging methods that are mainly based on the nonlinear properties of gas microbubbles. Since it is well known that contrast agents are destroyed by ultrasound when the acoustic pressure exceeds a(More)
A comparison between phospholipid-coated microbubbles with and without liposomes attached to the microbubble surface was performed using the ultra-high-speed imaging camera (Brandaris 128). We investigated 73 liposome-loaded microbubbles (loaded microbubbles) and 41 microbubbles without liposome loading (unloaded microbubbles) with a diameter ranging from(More)
The altered iron concentration in many neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) has led to the development of MRI sequences that are sensitive to the accompanying changes in the transverse relaxation rate. Heavily T(2)*-weighted imaging sequences at high magnetic field strength (7T and above), in particular, show potential for detecting(More)
The resonance frequencies of individual SonoVue contrast agent bubbles were measured optically by recording the radius-time curves of a single microbubble at 24 different frequencies. For these experiments the Brandaris 128 fast framing camera was operated in a special segmented mode. The resonance frequencies found for SonoVueTM microbubbles are in good(More)
Ultrasound contrast microbubbles have the ability to enhance endothelial cell permeability and thus may be used as a new way to deliver drugs. It facilitates the transfer of extracellular molecules into cells activated through ultrasound driven microbubbles. The present study is designed to correlate the relationship between microbubble induced cell(More)