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The objective of this 2nd phase of a 2-year study among female nurses was to provide further empirical validation of the demands-control and social support model. The association of job strain with psychological problems and the potential modifying role of social support at work were examined. A questionnaire was sent at the workplace to 1,741 nurses. The(More)
The models most commonly used, to study the effects of psychosocial work factors on workers' health, are the demand-control-support (DCS) model and Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) model. An emerging body of research has identified Organisational Justice as another model that can help to explain deleterious health effects. This review aimed: (1) to identify(More)
OBJECTIVE Prospective studies have shown that effort-reward imbalance (ERI) at work is associated with the incidence of a first coronary heart disease (CHD) event. However, it is unknown whether ERI at work increases the risk of recurrent CHD events. The objective of this study was to determine whether ERI at work and its components (effort and reward)(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was conducted to determine whether large family responsibilities and their combination with high job strain were associated with an increase in ambulatory blood pressure (BP) among white-collar women. METHODS A cross-sectional study was conducted in a stratified random sample of 199 white-collar women with or without children who were(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the effectiveness of a workplace intervention aimed at reducing adverse psychosocial work factors (psychological demands, decision latitude, social support, and effort-reward imbalance) and mental health problems among care providers. METHODS A quasi-experimental design with a control group was used. Pre-intervention (71% response(More)
BACKGROUND In the last 15 years, the health care system has undergone significant restructuring. The study's objective was to examine the psychosocial work environment and the health of nurses after major restructuring in comparison with two reference populations. METHODS This cross-sectional study involved 2,006 nurses from 16 health centers. A(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine whether the psychometric properties of the effort-reward imbalance (ERI) at work scales could be replicated with post-myocardial infarction (post-MI) patients and to measure the criterion validity through its association with psychological distress. METHODS A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 814 patients (739 men and 75(More)
The role of psychosocial and physical factors in the development of shoulder pain has now been clearly demonstrated. However, only a few studies have analyzed these associations over time. The main goal of this study was to evaluate the predictive value of work-related psychological and mechanical factors on chronic shoulder pain. A total of 12,714 subjects(More)
The main purpose of this study was to present changes occurring between 2002 and 2004 in the prevalence of psychosocial constraints and interpersonal violence at work among officers working in correctional facilities in Quebec. Results suggest that in the absence of specific organizational intervention aimed at improving a deleterious work situation,(More)