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Three models of sequential effects in psychophysical tasks are defined and experimental results described. These appear most consistent with a model in which the momentary value of the criterion is modified by memory traces, an independent trace being retained for each relevant past event. On this basis, a theory of criterion setting is developed: A(More)
Evidence for the proposition that human time perception is determined by an internal clock is largely indirect. It would strengthen the case for this hypothesis if a model for the internal clock were available from which predictions could be derived and tested, and if the basic parameter of such a model, the frequency at which the clock runs, could be(More)
A long-term sensory memory is believed to account for spatial frequency discrimination when reference and test stimuli are separated by long intervals. We test an alternative proposal: that discrimination is determined by the range of test stimuli, through their entrainment of criterion-setting processes. Experiments 1 and 2 show that the 50% point of the(More)
Studies of time estimation have provided evidence that human time perception is determined by an internal clock containing a temporal oscillator and have also provided estimates of the frequency of this oscillator (Treisman, Faulkner, Naish, & Brogan, 1990; Treisman & Brogan, 1992). These estimates were based on the observation that when the intervals to be(More)
The attention band and response ratio hypotheses of Green and Luce (1974) and Luce and Green (1974) are discussed and some difficulties are noted. An alternative hypothesis is put forward. This is based on a Thurstonian model for magnitude estimation in which the presented stimulus intensities are subjected to a logarithmic transformation. Response criteria(More)
We can discriminate departures from the vertical or horizontal more accurately than from other orientations. This may reflect perceptual learning, but the mechanisms behind such learning are not well understood. Here we derive a theory of discrimination learning based on criterion setting theory (CST; Treisman and Williams, 1984), an extension of signal(More)
Stimuli in one modality can affect the appearance and discriminability of stimuli in another, but how they do so is not well understood. Here we propose a theory of the integration of sensory information across modalities. This is based on criterion setting theory (CST; Treisman and Williams, 1984), an extension of signal detection theory which models the(More)
It has been proposed that temporal perception and performance depend on a biological source of temporal information. A model for a temporal oscillator put forward by Treisman, Faulkner, Naish, and Brogan (1990) predicted that if intense sensory pulses (such as auditory clicks) were presented to subjects at suitable rates they would perturb the frequency at(More)