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The pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of drugs are different in adult and paediatric populations, the latter being particularly heterogeneous. These differences in pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics justify specific studies but raise a number of ethical and practical issues. The main practical difficulties to circumvent while performing clinical(More)
Optimising the delivery of antiangiogenic drugs requires the development of drug-disease models of vascular tumour growth that incorporate histological data indicative of cytostatic action. In this study, we formulated a model to analyse the dynamics of tumour progression in nude mice xenografted with HT29 or HCT116 colorectal cancer cells. In 30 mice,(More)
BACKGROUND Inter-patient pharmacokinetic variability can lead to suboptimal drug exposure, and therefore might impact the efficacy of sorafenib. This study reports long-term pharmacokinetic monitoring of patients treated with sorafenib and a retrospective pharmacodynamic/pharmacokinetic analysis in melanoma patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS Heavily(More)
BACKGROUND Identifying predictive biomarkers of drug response is of key importance to improve therapy management and drug selection in cancer therapy. To date, the influence of drug exposure and pharmacogenetic variants on sorafenib-induced toxicity remains poorly documented. The aim of this pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) study was to investigate(More)
Acyclovir is approved for the treatment of herpes simplex virus (HSV) and varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infections in children by the intravenous and oral routes. However, its use by the oral route in children younger than 2 years of age is limited due to a lack of pharmacokinetic data. The objectives of the present study were to determine the typical(More)
For the purpose of developing a longitudinal model to predict hand-and-foot syndrome (HFS) dynamics in patients receiving capecitabine, data from two large phase III studies were used. Of 595 patients in the capecitabine arms, 400 patients were randomly selected to build the model, and the other 195 were assigned for model validation. A score for risk of(More)
BACKGROUND Sunitinib malate is a novel oral multitargeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor with antitumor and antiangiogenic activities. Only mass spectrometry detection is currently available to determine sunitinib in human plasma. The purpose of this study was to develop a simple and sensitive high-performance liquid chromatographic method with UV-Visible(More)
The pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of drugs are significantly altered in the burn patient, and the burn patient population shows wide inter- and intraindividual variation in drug handling. Burn injury evolves in two phases. The first phase corresponds to the burn shock, which occurs during the first 48 hours after thermal injury. In this phase,(More)
Objective: To determine the pharmacokinetic parameters of cefpirome, a new so-called fourth-generation cephalosporin, in previously healthy trauma patients with posttraumatic systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and to compare them to parameters obtained in matched, healthy volunteers. Design: A prospective study. Setting: 12-bed surgical(More)
Extracorporeal photochemotherapy (ECP) consists of collection of mononuclear cells, their irradiation with UV-A light in the presence of a photoactivable molecule--8-methoxy-psoralen (8-MOP) being the most widely used--and their reinjection into a patient. Two technical approaches have been developed. The photopheresis procedure involves four steps: (i)(More)