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Recognition memory performance reflects two distinct memory processes: a conscious process of recollection, which allows remembering specific details of a previous event, and familiarity, which emerges in the absence of any conscious information about the context in which the event occurred. Slow wave sleep (SWS) and rapid eye movement (REM) sleep are(More)
Somnolence and "sleep attacks" have been reported as an adverse effect of several antiparkinsonian drugs. The authors document, in a placebo-controlled, randomized, double-blind, crossover study performed in 20 healthy volunteers, using the Multiple System Latency Test (MSLT) as primary outcome, that ropinirole reduces time to sleep onset in humans.(More)
This study evaluated episodic memory, with an emphasis on the recollection of spatial and temporal contexts, in 28 patients suffering from obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and 29 healthy controls. Recollection was assessed by means of the R/K paradigm and the process-dissociation procedure. Attentional abilities were also evaluated. A polysomnographic(More)
BACKGROUND Sleep disorders differ widely in the heterogeneous older adult population. Older adults can be classified into three groups based upon their overall level of disability: healthy, dependent, and frail. Frailty is an emerging concept that denotes older persons at increased risk for poor outcomes. OBJECTIVE The aim of this consensus review is to(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is an independent risk factor for stroke. Impairment of cerebral autoregulation may play a potential role in the pre-disposition to stroke of OSAS patients. In this study, we aimed to assess dynamic cerebral autoregulation (DCA) during wakefulness in OSAS patients and a group of matched(More)
"Tiredness", often cited in civil and penal responsibilities secondary to car accidents, hides neurophysiological phenomena which must now be taken into account. The problems of watchfulness in car-driving, is sleepiness, are indeed linked to a genuine disorder in the sleep-wake rythm and attention should be drawn to them in medico-legal cases.(More)
Multiple system atrophy is an atypical parkinsonism characterized by severe motor disabilities that are poorly levodopa responsive. Most patients develop rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder. Because parkinsonism is absent during rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder in patients with Parkinson's disease, we studied the movements of patients(More)
Zopiclone 7.5 mg and triazolam 0.50 mg have been compared in a double-blind randomized cross-over sleep laboratory study. After a 6-day placebo, 12 healthy male volunteers aged 20-35 years received 2 active treatment sequences of 6 days separated by a 8-day placebo period and followed by a withdrawal period with placebo for 8 days. 22 polygraphic sleep(More)
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a sleep-related breathing disorder characterized by repetitive episodes of airflow cessation, resulting in brief arousals and intermittent hypoxemia. OSAS is associated with a number of adverse health consequences, and cognitive difficulties. The overall pattern of cognitive impairment in OSAS is complex, and(More)