Michel Spina

Learn More
Decellularized xenograft heart valves might be the ideal scaffolds for tissue engineered heart valves as the alternative to the currently used biological and mechanical prostheses. However, removal of the alpha-Gal epitope is a prerequisite to avoid hyperacute rejection of untreated xenograft material. The aim of this study was to develop an ELISA(More)
Two multistep extractions were achieved on porcine aortic tissues to obtain acellular matrices used for cardiac bioprostheses. The evaluation of structural modifications and the possible damage of extracellular matrix fibrous proteins were investigated by means of thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Protein-water(More)
Extracellular matrix (ECM) scaffolds isolated from valvulated conduits can be useful in developing durable bioprostheses by tissue engineering provided that anatomical shape, architecture, and mechanical properties are preserved. As evidenced by SEM, intact scaffolds were derived from porcine aortic valves by the combined use of Triton X-100 and cholate(More)
The roles played by various determinants in physiological, pathological or experimental calcification are still unclear. In this investigation, new insights were gained into structural changes occurring in porcine aortic valves undergoing mineralization in the rat subdermal model and then subjected to reactions with cationic phthalocyanines (PHTs), at(More)
Inflammatory aneurysms (IAs) have peculiar macroscopic and histological aspects which make them very different from nonspecific aneurysms (NSAs). These morphological differences seem to be determined by significant modifications of the extracellular matrix. Extracellular matrix protein component concentrations were determined biochemically in infrarenal(More)
Detailed characterization of the subdermal model is a significant tool for better understanding of calcification mechanisms occurring in heart valves. In previous ultrastructural investigation on six-week-implantated aortic valve leaflets, modified pre-embedding glutaraldehyde-cuprolinic-blue reactions (GA-CB) enabled sample decalcification with concurrent(More)
The maintenance of the mechanical properties of the vessels results from the correct arrangement of smooth muscle cells and extracellular fibrous proteins (elastin and collagen) in their wall. The morphology of extracellular matrix modifications, particularly of elastin, was investigated in inflammatory (IA) and non specific (NSA) abdominal aortic aneurysms(More)
Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) are characterized by structural alterations of the aortic wall resulting from the degradation of elastic fibres and an increase of collagen/elastin ratio. In this study we investigated the chain dynamics of AAA tissues by two techniques generally used for the characterization of polymers, Differential scanning calorimetry(More)
Tissue-engineered heart valves are proposed as novel viable replacements granting longer durability and growth potential. However, they require extensive in vitro cell-conditioning in bioreactor before implantation. Here, the propensity of non-preconditioned decellularized heart valves to spontaneous in body self-regeneration was investigated in a large(More)