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Spin-labeled analogs of phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylserine, and phosphatidylethanolamine have been used to study phospholipid transverse diffusion and asymmetry in the human erythrocyte membrane. Ascorbate reduction was used to assess the transbilayer distribution of the labels. All three spin-labeled phospholipids initially incorporated into the outer(More)
The interaction between amphotericin B and egg yolk phosphatidylcholine, dimyristoyl (DMPC) and dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine (DPPC) phospholipid bilayer vesicles has been monitored by the circular dichroism (CD) spectra of amphotericin B at a 1 . 10(-5) M concentration. This method has revealed that amphotericin B may be present in a number of different(More)
To ascertain the coupling between Ca2+ and H+ fluxes during Ca2+ transport by the Ca2(+)-pumping ATPase of the sarcoplasmic reticulum, we used well characterized reconstituted proteoliposomes. The method for the functional reconstitution of the Ca2(+)-ATPase was an extension of our recently published procedure (Rigaud, J. L., Paternostre, M. T., and Bluzat,(More)
Tetraspanins are a superfamily of transmembrane proteins implicated in cellular development, motility, and activation through their interactions with a large range of proteins and with specific membrane microdomains. The complete three-dimensional structure of the tetraspanin CD81 has been predicted by molecular modeling and from the crystallographic(More)
The tetraspanin family of membrane glycoproteins is involved in the regulation of cellular development, proliferation, activation, and mobility. We have attempted to predict the structural features of the large extracellular domain of tetraspanins (EC2), which is very important in determining their functional specificity. The tetraspanin EC2 is composed of(More)
Engineered inorganic nanoparticles are essential components in the development of nanotechnologies. For applications in nanomedicine, particles need to be functionalized to ensure a good dispersibility in biological fluids. In many cases however, functionalization is not sufficient: the particles become either coated by a corona of serum proteins or(More)
We have synthesized spin-labeled analogues of phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylserine, and phosphatidylethanolamine with a short beta chain (C5) bearing a doxyl group at the fourth position. When added to an erythrocyte suspension, the labels immediately incorporate in the membrane. The orientation of the spin-labels was assessed in the bilayer (i) by(More)
Equilibrium and kinetic aspects of Triton X-100 adsorption onto hydrophobic Bio-Beads SM2 were investigated in detail using the batch procedure originally described by Holloway, P.W. (1973) Anal. Biochem. 53, 304-308. The results demonstrated the importance of the initial detergent concentration, the amount of beads, the commercial source of the detergent,(More)
A relatively rapid transbilayer motion of phospholipids in the microsomal membrane seems to be required due to their asymmetric synthesis in the cytoplasmic leaflet. Marked discrepancies exist with regard to the rate and specificity of this flip-flop process. To reinvestigate this problem, we have used both spin-labeled and radioactively labeled long chain(More)