Michel Seigneuret

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Spin-labeled analogs of phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylserine, and phosphatidylethanolamine have been used to study phospholipid transverse diffusion and asymmetry in the human erythrocyte membrane. Ascorbate reduction was used to assess the transbilayer distribution of the labels. All three spin-labeled phospholipids initially incorporated into the outer(More)
The tetraspanin family of membrane glycoproteins is involved in the regulation of cellular development, proliferation, activation, and mobility. We have attempted to predict the structural features of the large extracellular domain of tetraspanins (EC2), which is very important in determining their functional specificity. The tetraspanin EC2 is composed of(More)
A relatively rapid transbilayer motion of phospholipids in the microsomal membrane seems to be required due to their asymmetric synthesis in the cytoplasmic leaflet. Marked discrepancies exist with regard to the rate and specificity of this flip-flop process. To reinvestigate this problem, we have used both spin-labeled and radioactively labeled long chain(More)
Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) entry involves the interaction between the surface (SU) subunit of the Env proteins and cellular receptor(s). Previously, our laboratories demonstrated that heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs) and neuropilin-1 (NRP-1), a receptor of VEGF(165), are essential for HTLV-1 entry. Here we investigated whether, as(More)
The interaction between amphotericin B and egg yolk phosphatidylcholine, dimyristoyl (DMPC) and dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine (DPPC) phospholipid bilayer vesicles has been monitored by the circular dichroism (CD) spectra of amphotericin B at a 1 . 10(-5) M concentration. This method has revealed that amphotericin B may be present in a number of different(More)
Equilibrium and kinetic aspects of Triton X-100 adsorption onto hydrophobic Bio-Beads SM2 were investigated in detail using the batch procedure originally described by Holloway, P.W. (1973) Anal. Biochem. 53, 304-308. The results demonstrated the importance of the initial detergent concentration, the amount of beads, the commercial source of the detergent,(More)
Tetraspanins are a superfamily of transmembrane proteins implicated in cellular development, motility, and activation through their interactions with a large range of proteins and with specific membrane microdomains. The complete three-dimensional structure of the tetraspanin CD81 has been predicted by molecular modeling and from the crystallographic(More)
T-cell activation is initiated by the concerted engagement of the T-cell receptor and different co-stimulatory molecules, and requires cytoskeleton-dependent membrane dynamics. Here, we have studied the relationships between tetraspanins, cytoskeleton and raft microdomains, and their relevance in T-cell signaling. Localization studies and density-gradient(More)
Engineered inorganic nanoparticles are essential components in the development of nanotechnologies. For applications in nanomedicine, particles need to be functionalized to ensure a good dispersibility in biological fluids. In many cases however, functionalization is not sufficient: the particles become either coated by a corona of serum proteins or(More)