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Spin-labeled analogs of phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylserine, and phosphatidylethanolamine have been used to study phospholipid transverse diffusion and asymmetry in the human erythrocyte membrane. Ascorbate reduction was used to assess the transbilayer distribution of the labels. All three spin-labeled phospholipids initially incorporated into the outer(More)
A relatively rapid transbilayer motion of phospholipids in the microsomal membrane seems to be required due to their asymmetric synthesis in the cytoplasmic leaflet. Marked discrepancies exist with regard to the rate and specificity of this flip-flop process. To reinvestigate this problem, we have used both spin-labeled and radioactively labeled long chain(More)
The tetraspanin family of membrane glycoproteins is involved in the regulation of cellular development, proliferation, activation, and mobility. We have attempted to predict the structural features of the large extracellular domain of tetraspanins (EC2), which is very important in determining their functional specificity. The tetraspanin EC2 is composed of(More)
The interaction between amphotericin B and egg yolk phosphatidylcholine, dimyristoyl (DMPC) and dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine (DPPC) phospholipid bilayer vesicles has been monitored by the circular dichroism (CD) spectra of amphotericin B at a 1 . 10(-5) M concentration. This method has revealed that amphotericin B may be present in a number of different(More)
Tetraspanins are a superfamily of transmembrane proteins implicated in cellular development, motility, and activation through their interactions with a large range of proteins and with specific membrane microdomains. The complete three-dimensional structure of the tetraspanin CD81 has been predicted by molecular modeling and from the crystallographic(More)
The validity of the structure of the Escherichia coli MsbA lipid transporter as a model from the mdr1 P-glycoprotein has been evaluated. Comparative sequence analyses, motif search and secondary structure prediction indicated that each of the two P-glycoprotein halves is structurally similar to the MsbA monomer and also suggested that the open dimer(More)
Engineered inorganic nanoparticles are essential components in the development of nanotechnologies. For applications in nanomedicine, particles need to be functionalized to ensure a good dispersibility in biological fluids. In many cases however, functionalization is not sufficient: the particles become either coated by a corona of serum proteins or(More)
The processes of liposome solubilization and reconstitution were studied by using n-dodecyl octaethylene glycol monoether (C12E8). The solubilization of large unilamellar liposomes prepared by reverse-phase evaporation was systematically investigated by turbidity, 31P nuclear magnetic resonance, and centrifugation experiments. The solubilization process is(More)
Cytotoxic effector cells mediating natural killing (NK), antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC), and lectin-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (LDCC) were studied in patients with leukemia or aplastic anemia before and/or after marrow transplantation. Before transplantation, about one-third to one-half of the patients were deficient in cytotoxic(More)