Michel S. Zygmunt

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BACKGROUND The brucellae are facultative intracellular bacteria that cause brucellosis, one of the major neglected zoonoses. In endemic areas, vaccination is the only effective way to control this disease. Brucella melitensis Rev 1 is a vaccine effective against the brucellosis of sheep and goat caused by B. melitensis, the commonest source of human(More)
The gene coding for the major outer membrane protein (OMP) of 31 to 34 kDa, now designated Omp31, of Brucella melitensis 16M was cloned and sequenced. A B. melitensis 16M genomic library was constructed in lambda GEM-12 XhoI half-site arms, and recombinant phages expressing omp31 were identified by using the anti-Omp31 monoclonal antibody (MAb)(More)
Brucella melitensis is a facultative intracellular pathogen which is able to survive and replicate within phagocytic cells. Therefore, it has to adapt to a range of different hostile environments. In order to understand the mechanisms of intracellular survival employed by virulent B. melitensis 16M, an initial approach consisting of analysis of the(More)
A Gram-negative, non-motile, non-spore-forming coccoid bacterium (strain BO1(T)) was isolated recently from a breast implant infection of a 71-year-old female patient with clinical signs of brucellosis. Affiliation of strain BO1(T) to the genus Brucella was confirmed by means of polyamine pattern, polar lipid profile, fatty acid profile, quinone system,(More)
Seven surface-exposed outer membrane proteins (OMPs) in Brucella supp. have been previously described (A. Cloeckaert, P. de Wergifosse, G. Dubray, and J. N. Limet, Infect. Immun. 58:3980-3987, 1990). OMPs were shown to be more accessible to monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) on rough (R) Brucella melitensis and B. abortus strains than to MAbs on their smooth (S)(More)
Classical brucellosis vaccines induce antibodies to the O-polysaccharide section of the lipopolysaccharide that interfere in serodiagnosis. Brucella rough (R) mutants lack the O-polysaccharide but their usefulness as vaccines is controversial. Here, Brucella melitensis R mutants in all main lipopolysaccharide biosynthetic pathways were evaluated in sheep in(More)
Culture is considered as the reference standard assay for diagnosis of Brucella spp. in humans and animals but it is time-consuming and hazardous. In this study, we evaluated the performances of newly designed real-time PCR assays using TaqMan probes and targeting the 3 following specific genes: (i) the insertion sequence IS711, (ii) bcsp31 and (iii) per(More)
Two putative proteins (NorMI and NorMII) similar to the multidrug efflux protein NorM of Vibrio parahaemolyticus are encoded by the Brucella melitensis 16 M genome. We show that a drug-hypersusceptible Escherichia coli strain overexpressing NorMI displays increased resistance to norfloxacin, ciprofloxacin, gentamicin, tetraphenylphosphonium ion,(More)
Twenty-two monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) specific for smooth lipopolysaccharide (S-LPS) were generated by fusion of spleen cells from mice infected with the rough Brucella melitensis strain B115 with the NSO myeloma. According to reactivity in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) with O-polysaccharide (O-PS) and absence of reactivity with rough(More)
Marine mammal Brucella strains with different genomic characteristics according to distribution of IS711 elements in their genomes were analysed for their intracellular behaviour in human THP-1 macrophage-like cells. Seven different groups of marine mammal strains were identified including a human isolate from New Zealand presumably from marine origin.(More)