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In many neuron types, the axon initial segment (AIS) has the lowest threshold for action potential generation. Its active properties are determined by the targeted expression of specific voltage-gated channel subunits. We show that the Na+ channel NaV1.6 displays a striking aggregation at the AIS of cortical neurons. To assess the functional role of this(More)
Neuronal excitability is critically determined by the properties of voltage-gated Na(+) currents. Fast transient Na(+) currents (I(NaT)) mediate the fast upstroke of action potentials, whereas low-voltage-activated persistent Na(+) currents (I(NaP)) contribute to subthreshold excitation. Na(+) channels are composed of a pore-forming alpha subunit and beta(More)
Brain damage causes multiple changes in synaptic function and intrinsic properties of surviving neurons, leading to the development of chronic epilepsy. In the widely used pilocarpine-status epilepticus (SE) rat model of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), a major alteration is the marked increase in the fraction of intrinsically bursting CA1 pyramidal cells.(More)
Febrile seizures are a common childhood seizure disorder and a defining feature of genetic epilepsy with febrile seizures plus (GEFS+), a syndrome frequently associated with Na+ channel mutations. Here, we describe the creation of a knockin mouse heterozygous for the C121W mutation of the beta1 Na+ channel accessory subunit seen in patients with GEFS+.(More)
UNLABELLED Dendritic voltage-gated ion channels profoundly shape the integrative properties of neuronal dendrites. In epilepsy, numerous changes in dendritic ion channels have been described, all of them due to either their altered transcription or phosphorylation. In pilocarpine-treated chronically epileptic rats, we describe a novel mechanism that causes(More)
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