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The transmission of viral hepatitis from health care workers (HCW) to patients is of worldwide concern. Since the introduction of serologic testing in the 1970s there have been over 45 reports of hepatitis B virus (HBV) transmission from HCW to patients, which have resulted in more than 400 infected patients. In addition there are six published reports of(More)
We prospectively evaluated serum procalcitonin concentrations in patients who presented to an emergency department (ED) with suspected infectious or inflammatory disease. Of 195 study patients, 68 had final diagnosis of systemic infection, and 24 of those 68 had elevated serum procalcitonin levels (>0.5 ng/mL). The procalcitonin level had a sensitivity of(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the evolving epidemiology, management, and risk factors for death of invasive Candida infections in intensive care units (ICUs). DESIGN Prospective, observational, national, multicenter study. SETTING One hundred eighty ICUs in France. PATIENTS Between October 2005 and May 2006, 300 adult patients with proven invasive Candida(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS We have observed a high prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in heart transplant recipients (HTRs). The aim of this study was to assess the epidemiology, natural history, and clinical and biological characteristics of viral hepatitis in HTRs. METHODS From 1983 to 1992, 874 patients underwent heart(More)
Nine isolates of HIV-1 obtained from Congolese AIDS patients were amplified by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using primer pairs and oligomer probes derived from the HIV-1 LAV-BRU (BRU) sequence. When compared to BRU, two isolates exhibited a significant decrease of PCR efficiency with a given primer pair. Moreover, the DNA amplified from two other(More)
To measure the prevalence and intensity of pain in hospitalized patients and to assess the quality of pain management, an exhaustive cross-sectional study was conducted in every department in a university hospital. Patients hospitalized for 24 hours or more completed an anonymous self-report questionnaire. Among the 1,475 inpatients, 998 completed the(More)
OBJECTIVES Mauritania is a highly endemic region for hepatitis B (HBV) and delta (HDV) viruses. No data are available on HDV's impact on the severity of liver disease in consecutive HBV-infected patients in Africa. This study evaluated the degree of liver fibrosis in a cohort of chronic HBV carriers. METHODS Three-hundred consecutive HBV-infected(More)