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Budding yeast RNA polymerase III (Pol III) contains a small, essential subunit, named C11, that is conserved in humans and shows a strong homology to TFIIS. A mutant Pol III, heterocomplemented with Schizosaccharomyces pombe C11, was affected in transcription termination in vivo. A purified form of the enzyme (Pol III Delta), deprived of C11 subunit,(More)
RNA polymerase I (Pol I) is dedicated to transcription of the large ribosomal DNA (rDNA). The mechanism of Pol I recruitment onto rDNA promoters is poorly understood. Here we present evidence that subunit A43 of Pol I interacts with transcription factor Rrn3: conditional mutations in A43 were found to disrupt the transcriptionally competent Pol I-Rrn3(More)
While initiation of transcription by RNA polymerase III (Pol III) has been thoroughly investigated, molecular mechanisms driving transcription termination remain poorly understood. Here we describe how the characterization of the in vitro transcriptional properties of a Pol III variant (Pol IIIdelta), lacking the C11, C37, and C53 subunits, revealed crucial(More)
RNA polymerase III (RNAPIII) synthesizes tRNA, 5S RNA, U6 snRNA, and other small RNAs. The structure of yeast RNAPIII, determined at 17 A resolution by cryo-electron microscopy and single-particle analysis, reveals a hand-like shape typical of RNA polymerases. Compared to RNAPII, RNAPIII is characterized by a bulkier stalk and by prominent features(More)
Regulation of ribosome biogenesis is a key element of cell biology, not only because ribosomes are directly required for growth, but also because ribosome production monopolizes nearly 80% of the global transcriptional activity in rapidly growing yeast cells. These observations underscore the need for a tight regulation of ribosome synthesis in response to(More)
Yeast RNA polymerases A (I) and C (III) share a subunit called AC19. The gene encoding AC19 has been isolated from yeast genomic DNA using oligonucleotide probes deduced from peptide sequences of the isolated subunit. This gene (RPC19) contains an intron-free open reading frame of 143 amino acid residues. RPC19 is a single copy gene that maps on chromosome(More)
We examine here the mechanisms ensuring the fidelity of RNA synthesis by RNA polymerase III (Pol III). Misincorporation could only be observed by using variants of Pol III deficient in the intrinsic RNA cleavage activity. Determination of relative rates of the reactions producing correct and erroneous transcripts at a specific position on a tRNA gene,(More)
The zinc-binding subunits of yeast RNA polymerase A(I) and B(II) have been identified by a zinc-blotting technique. The two largest subunits of each enzyme (A190, A135, B220, and B150), as well as A12.2, A10, B44.5, B12.6, and B10, bind 65Zn(II). Predicted zinc-binding motifs have been noted in the NH2-terminal part of B220 and the COOH-terminal region of(More)
The structure of the yeast DNA-dependent RNA polymerase I (RNA Pol I), prepared by cryo-negative staining, was studied by electron microscopy. A structural model of the enzyme at a resolution of 1.8 nm was determined from the analysis of isolated molecules and showed an excellent fit with the atomic structure of the RNA Pol II Delta4/7. The high(More)
Regulation of rDNA transcription depends on the formation and dissociation of a functional complex between RNA polymerase I (pol I) and transcription initiation factor Rrn3p. We analyzed whether phosphorylation is involved in this molecular switch. Rrn3p is a phosphoprotein that is predominantly phosphorylated in vivo when it is not bound to pol I. In(More)