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- Michel Rafat, Paul L. A. Popelier
- The Journal of chemical physics
- 2005

Quantum chemical topology defines finite atoms, whose bounded electron density generates a well-defined electrostatic potential. A multipole expansion based on spherical tensors provides a potential that is formally convergent outside the divergence sphere. Part I of this series [P. L. A. Popelier and M. Rafat, Chem. Phys. Lett.376, 148 (2003)] showed that… (More)

- Patrick Bultinck, Michel Rafat, Robert Ponec, Bart Van Gheluwe, Ramon Carbó-Dorca, Paul L. A. Popelier
- The journal of physical chemistry. A
- 2006

Molecular aromaticity in the linear polyacenes is investigated using an atoms in molecules based six center index (SCI-AIM) which measures the electron delocalization. SCI-AIM values for the linear polyacenes indicate decreasing aromaticity going from outer to inner rings in the polyacene series. The SCI-AIM approach is compared to a Mulliken-like approach,… (More)

- Michel Rafat, Paul L. A. Popelier
- Journal of Computational Chemistry
- 2007

We present a novel algorithm to integrate property densities over the volume of a quantum topological atom. Atoms are grown outward, starting from a sphere centered on the nucleus, by means of a finite element meshing algorithm. Bond critical points and ring critical points require special treatment. The overall philosophy as well as intricate features of… (More)

- Michel Rafat, Paul L. A. Popelier
- Journal of Computational Chemistry
- 2007

Classical force fields describe the interaction between atoms that are bonded or nonbonded via simple potential energy expressions. Their parameters are often determined by fitting to ab initio energies and electrostatic potentials. A direct quantum chemical guide to constructing a force field would be the atom-atom partitioning of the energy of molecules… (More)

- Michel Rafat, Paul L. A. Popelier
- Journal of Computational Chemistry
- 2007

The construction of a high-rank multipolar force field (for peptides) is a complex task, leading to several intermediate questions in need of a clear answer. Here we focus on the convergence of the (electrostatic) multipolar expansion at medium and long range. Using molecular electron densities, quantum chemical topology (QCT) defines the atoms as finite… (More)

- Paul L. A. Popelier, Mick Devereux, Michel Rafat
- Acta crystallographica. Section A, Foundations of…
- 2004

The electrostatic potential can be used as an appropriate and convenient indicator of how transferable an atom or functional group is between two molecules. Quantum-chemical topology (QCT) is used to define the electron density of a molecular fragment and the electrostatic potential it generates. The potential generated on a grid by the terminal aldehyde… (More)

- Michel Rafat, Mick Devereux, Paul L. A. Popelier
- Journal of molecular graphics & modelling
- 2005

In this article, we describe and apply an algorithm that visualizes atoms and bonds in molecules and van der Waals complexes, based on the topology of the electron density. The theory of quantum chemical topology defines both atoms and bonds via a single consistent procedure, and enables the association of an atomic shape with an atomic property (charge,… (More)

- Michel Rafat, Paul L. A. Popelier
- The Journal of chemical physics
- 2006

Traditionally force fields express 1,3 and 1,4 interactions as bonded terms via potentials that involve valence and torsion angles, respectively. These interactions are not modeled by point charge terms, which are confined to electrostatic interactions between more distant atoms (1,n where n>4). Here we show that both 1,3 and 1,4 interactions can be… (More)

- Michel Rafat, Majeed S Shaik, Paul L. A. Popelier
- The journal of physical chemistry. A
- 2006

Understanding atomic transferability is important to guide the design of a force field. Atoms in molecules are defined and computed according to the theory of quantum chemical topology (QCT). The electron density associated with such topological atoms is conveniently described by high-rank multipole moments. Here, we assess the transferability of atoms by… (More)

We investigate a variation of the simple double pendulum in which the two point masses are replaced by square plates. The double square pendulum exhibits richer behavior than the simple double pendulum and provides a convenient demonstration of nonlinear dynamics and chaos. It is also an example of an asymmetric compound double pendulum, which has not been… (More)

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