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The rhizosphere of Trifolium repens and Lolium perenne was divided into three fractions: the bulk soil, the soil adhering to the roots and the washed roots (rhizoplane and endorhizosphere). After isolation and purification of DNA from these fractions, 16S rDNA was amplified by PCR and cloned to obtain a collection of 16S rRNA genes representative of the(More)
To ensure a high level of consumer protection, the European Union has in the past years published several regulations setting very low limits for a given number of food contaminants (pesticides, mycotoxins, heavy metals) in many agricultural products (cereals, oilseeds, dry fruits, coffee, spices, etc). These new regulations regarding the sanitary quality(More)
Cryptorchidism was induced in 5 pre-pubertal lambs and 7 adult rams, 5 months after surgery, testicular weight and membrane protein content were 4-fold lower than in the control. The total number of Leydig cells per testis was markedly decreased but their size was not changed. In contrast, the total number of Sertoli cells per testis was not affected but(More)
A variety of autotrophic, sulfur- and hydrogen-oxidizing thermophilic bacteria were isolated from thermogenic composts at temperatures of 60–80° C. All were penicillin G sensitive, which proves that they belong to the Bacteria domain. The obligately autotrophic, non-spore-forming strains were gram-negative rods growing at 60–80°C, with an optimum at(More)
The tribe Lamprologini is the major substrate breeding lineage of Lake Tanganyika's cichlid species flock. Among several different life history strategies found in lamprologines, the adaptation to live and breed in empty gastropod shells is probably the most peculiar. Although shell-breeding arose several times in the evolutionary history of the(More)
Total follicular populations and peripheral plasma concentrations of LH, FSH, prolactin, oestradiol-17 beta and progesterone during the preceding cycle were studied in two breeds of sheep (Romanov and Ile-de-France) which differed widely in their ovulation rates (3.2 and 1.5 respectively). No LH parameters could be correlated with the follicular details(More)
Plasma hormone concentrations before and during luteolysis (induced by injection of a prostaglandin analogue on Day 10 or 11 of the cycle), during the period of preovulatory follicle growth and ovulation were examined in sheep with known differences in ovulation rate (Romanov, Préalpes, Romanov x Préalpes cross, Ile de France). The number of CL at the time(More)
Ile-de-France ewes were ovariectomized during anoestrus or the mid-luteal phase of an oestrous cycle (day of ovariectomy = Day 0). In a short-term study, FSH concentrations were measured in blood samples collected hourly the day before and on Days 1, 3, 7 and 15 after ovariectomy (10 ewes per group). FSH concentrations increased significantly from 6.1 to(More)
LHRH Statin is a putative gonadal protein that increases the interval between two consecutive LHRH pulses. The present work was aimed at analyzing the immunological homology between LHRH Statin and the N-terminal region of the alphaC subunit of inhibin. Thus, rete testis fluid (RTF) proteins were purified by immunoaffinity chromatography using antibodies(More)
LH, FSH and testosterone variations were compared during the prepubertal period in Romanov and Ile-de-France ram lambs born in the spring. Mean plasma LH levels increased significantly between the 1st and 8th week of age in the Romanov and between the 1st and 12th week of age in the Ile-de-France. At 1 month of age, the number of LH and testosterone pulses(More)