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Contradictory results have been reported on the use of goats' milk in cows' milk allergy. In this study the hypothesis was tested, using a guinea pig model of cows' milk allergy, that these discrepancies could be due to the high genetic polymorphism of goats' milk proteins. Forty guinea pigs were fed over a 20 d period with pelleted diets containing one of(More)
During the ripening of Emmental cheese, the bacterial ecosystem confers its organoleptic characteristics to the evolving curd both by the action of the living cells, and through the release of numerous proteins, including various types of enzymes into the cheese when the cells lyse. In Emmental cheese these proteins can be released from thermophilic lactic(More)
Lactococcus lactis is used extensively for the production of various cheeses. At every stage of cheese fabrication, L. lactis has to face several stress-generating conditions that result from its own modification of the environment as well as externally imposed conditions. We present here the first in situ global gene expression profile of L. lactis in(More)
In complex environments such as cheeses, the lack of relevant information on the physiology and virulence expression of pathogenic bacteria and the impact of endogenous microbiota has hindered progress in risk assessment and control. Here, we investigated the behaviour of Staphylococcus aureus, a major foodborne pathogen, in a cheese matrix, either alone or(More)
Lactobacillus helveticus exhibits a great biodiversity in terms of protease gene content, with 1 to 4 cell envelope proteinases. Among them, proteinases PrtH and PrtH2 were shown to have different cleavage specificity on pure α(s1)-casein. The aim of this work was to investigate the proteolytic activity of 2L. helveticus strains in cheese matrix: ITGLH77(More)
Propionibacterium freudenreichii is used as a ripening culture in Swiss cheese manufacture. It grows when cheeses are ripened in a warm room (about 24°C). Cheeses with an acceptable eye formation level are transferred to a cold room (about 4°C), inducing a marked slowdown of propionic fermentation, but P. freudenreichii remains active in the cold. To(More)
Malnutrition is a serious public health problem in Cameroon. The research study was conducted to determine nutrient content of some Cameroonian traditional dishes and their potential contribution to dietary reference intakes. These dishes were Ekomba, prepared from maize flour with roasted peanuts paste; Ekwang, prepared from crushed cocoyam tubers and(More)
Weanling Wistar rats were pair-fed for 8 days control and magnesium-deficient diets. Acute magnesium deficiency increased plasma triglycerides and free cholesterol levels and decreased esterified cholesterol levels. The plasma activity of lecithin--cholesterol acyltransferase was markedly diminished in fasting magnesium-deficient rats (54% reduction) and(More)
All the described procedures for lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) determination in the plasma have raised criticisms: Lack of sensitivity for methods using colorimetric determination of unesterified cholesterol or phosphatidyl-choline in plasma before and after incubation at 37 degrees C. Incomplete isotopic equilibrium of the free cholesterol(More)