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Extensive calcification of the mitral valve anulus is a pathologic entity frequently associated with degenerative valvular disease. The calcification process remains localized to the anulus in 77% of the cases. It may extend, however, to the underlying myocardium. Whenever an operation is necessary for an associated valve insufficiency, the question arises(More)
BACKGROUND Increased antibiotic resistance of common bacteria is attributed in part to the widespread use of various antibiotic agents. Prophylactic and therapeutic antibiotic treatments are routinely used in cardiac surgical units, and it is no surprise that methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection is becoming a major cause of surgical(More)
BACKGROUND Mechanical prostheses are used in young patients and bioprostheses in the elderly because of the higher rate of structural failure of bioprostheses. The objective of the present study was to compare results after aortic valve replacement with mechanical (Carbo-Medics) and biologic (Carpentier-Edwards pericardial) in middle-aged patients. (More)
BACKGROUND The objective of the present study was to compare current results of prosthetic valve replacement following acute infective native valve endocarditis (NVE) with that of prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE). Prosthetic valve replacement is often necessary for acute infective endocarditis. Although valve repair and homografts have been associated(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate our single-center experience with pericardiectomy for constrictive pericarditis. The main objectives of our analysis were long-term survival, clinical outcome, and identification of risk factors. METHODS Over a 20-year period, 99 consecutive patients underwent pericardiectomy at the Montreal Heart(More)
BACKGROUND The prognostic value of right ventricular myocardial performance index (RVMPI) and right ventricular fractional area change (RVFAC) in mitral or aortic valve surgery has not been well described. The main objective of this study is to assess the prognostic value of RVMPI and RVFAC in predicting postoperative mortality or circulatory failure. (More)
BACKGROUND The objective of this study was to evaluate serum cardiac troponin T and I levels in patients in whom electrocardiogram, myocardial scan, and serum CK-MB levels of the MB isoenzyme of creatine kinase indicated perioperative myocardial infarction (MI) after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS We studied 590 patients who underwent(More)
BACKGROUND Tricuspid valve replacement is seldom used in clinical practice, but the choice between mechanical and biologic prostheses remains controversial. METHODS Between 1977 and 2002, 97 patients underwent tricuspid valve replacement and were followed at the Montreal Heart Institute Valve Clinic. Patients underwent replacement with bioprostheses (n =(More)
BACKGROUND Off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB) has been revived and has gained popularity, although the exact subsets of patients who might benefit most from this technique are unknown. The aim of this retrospective study was to compare the results of coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG) in octogenarians using cardiopulmonary bypass(More)
Aortic valve replacement with Carpentier-Edwards pericardial bioprosthesis was associated with excellent midterm clinical results. Long-term evaluation, however, remained to be determined. We reviewed the first 124 patients who underwent aortic valve replacement with a Carpentier-Edwards bioprosthesis at the Hôpital Broussais between 1980 and 1985. There(More)