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This experiment compares the cardio- and cerebrovascular effects of modafinil and amphetamine administered to rats. Injections of 300 mg/kg and 600 mg/kg modafinil i.p. had no major effect. In contrast, injection of D-amphetamine sulfate (5 mg/kg i.v.) induced a long-lasting rise in heart rate and in mean arterial blood pressure (MABP). Amphetamine(More)
This study investigated the effects of pretest injection of modafinil on delayed spontaneous alternation rates (SA) used to evaluate working memory in C57 Bl/6 mice. In a first experiment, systemic modafinil at 64 mg/kg, but not at 8 mg/kg or 32 mg/kg doses produced a significant increase of alternation scores (intertrial interval (ITI) 60s) when compared(More)
The effects of modafinil, a vigilance-enhancing drug, on brain metabolism were investigated directly in situ by the 2D COSY 1H-NMR spectroscopy in anesthetized rats. Modafinil (600 mg/kg, i.p.) induced significant increases in both aspartate (72% +/- 15%) and glutamate-glutamine pool (28% +/- 8%) simultaneously with increases in inositol (51% +/- 19%) and(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of this study was to analyze the sensory and cognitive functions associated with activated brain regions characterizing mental strategy relative to degree of expertise in aviation-related tasks. METHODS We used echo-planar functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) technique to examine brain activity in expert pilots (n = 6)(More)
Magnetoencephalographic, electromyographic (EMG), work, and reaction time (RT) were recorded from nine subjects during visually triggered intermittent isometric contractions of the middle finger under two conditions: unloaded and loaded (30% of maximal voluntary contraction). The effect of muscle fatigue was studied over three consecutive periods under both(More)
The aim of this work was to study the neurochemical effects in the brain of GABA-transaminase inhibition by systemic administration of gabaculine (100 mg/kg, i.a.) in the rat. In order to investigate neurotransmitter and related amino-acid compartmentation and metabolism, we have developed an original tool: the coupling, in vivo, on the same animal, of 2D(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the impact on several forms of memory and metabolism of a 5-day combat course including heavy and continuous physical activities and sleep deprivation. Mnemonic performance and biochemical parameters of 21 male soldiers were examined before and at the end of the course. Our results showed that short-term memory(More)
Mammals react to acute hypoxia with an initial augmentation and a secondary depression of the respiratory rhythm generated by brain stem neuronal networks. To investigate the cytosolic level of energy rich phosphorus metabolites during these responses, we developed 31P nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy of the brain stem. Moderate hypoxia (paO2 = 40(More)
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