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Cholesteric liquid-crystalline states of matter are abundant in nature: atherosclerosis, arthropod cuticles, condensed phases of DNA, plant cell walls, human compact bone osteon, and chiral biopolymers. The self-organized helical structure produces unique optical properties. Light is reflected when the wavelength matches the pitch (twice periodicity);(More)
Patterning nano-objects is an exciting interdisciplinary research area in current materials science, arising from new optical and optoelectronic properties and the need to miniaturize electronic components. Many techniques have been developed for assembling nanoparticles into two- and three-dimensional arrays. Most studies involving liquid crystals as(More)
The cholesteric-liquid-crystalline structure, which concerns the organization of chromatin, collagen, chitin, or cellulose, is omnipresent in living matter. In technology, it is found in temperature and pressure sensors, supertwisted nematic liquid crystal displays, optical filters, reflective devices, or cosmetics. A cholesteric liquid crystal reflects(More)
A cholesteric liquid crystal can be considered as a one-dimensional photonic crystal with a refractive index that is regularly modulated along the helix axis because of the particular arrangement of the molecules. The result is that the propagation of light is suppressed for a particular range of wavelengths (bandgap). A polymer-stabilized cholesteric(More)
  • Michel Mitov
  • 2014
The saga of liquid crystals started with their discovery in 1888 by the botanist Friedrich Reinitzer, who unexpectedly observed "two melting points" for crystals extracted from the root of a carrot. At the end of the nineteenth century, most scientists did not believe in the existence of "liquid crystals" as promoted by the crystallographer Otto Lehmann.(More)
Cholesteric liquid crystals (CLC) selectively reflect light when the helical pitch is of the order of the wavelength of the incident beam propagating along the helix axis. The wavelength bandwidth, related to the optical anisotropy, is typically limited to a few tens of nanometers in the visible part of the spectrum, which is insufficient for applications(More)
In cholesteric liquid-crystalline gels, the mechanical role of the polymer network over the structure of the whole gel has been ignored. We show that it is the stress gradient exerted by the network over the helical structure that drives the broadening of the optical band gap, as evidenced by the absence of a gradient in chiral species. Model calculations(More)
An unpolarized normal-incidence light beam reflected by a cholesteric liquid crystal is left- or right-circularly polarized, in the cholesteric temperature range. In this article, we present a novel approach for fabricating a cholesteric liquid crystalline material that exhibits reflection bands with both senses of polarization at room temperature. A(More)
The performances and characteristics of a polymer-cholestericliquid-crystal reflector, used as an output coupler in a Nd-doped fiber laser, are presented. We show that a judicious combination of a linear polarizer and a quarter wave plate with the cholesteric coupler allows for a continuous scanning of the output-intensity from zero to a maximum value(More)
During the observation of glassy cholesteric liquid crystals in transmission electron microscopy (TEM), a new contrast is created or enhanced by electron radiation which has a direct relationship with the periodic microstructure of the specimen. In this paper, we investigate the variations of the sample thickness and mass density as possible causes of this(More)