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This paper presents first in vivo experiments for breast tumor detection using transient elastography. This technique has been developed for detection and quantitative mapping of hard lesions in soft tissues. It consists in following the propagation inside soft tissues of very low-frequency shear waves (approximately 60 Hz) generated by a vibrating system(More)
A process to fabricate nonplanar microelectrode array circuits was developed and the microelectrodes were characterized. These platinum microelectrode arrays are for recording streaming potential signals generated during indentation of articular cartilage. The nonplanar substrate was produced by permanent deformation of a 7-in-diameter circular(More)
We present a new hyperspectral darkfield imaging system with a scanned broadband supercontinuum light source. We observed the specific attachment of the functionalized gold plasmonic nanoparticles (AuNPs) targeting CD44(+) human breast cancer cells by conventional and by proposed hyperspectral darkfield microscopy. This wide-field and low phototoxic(More)
Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment of Escherichia coli (E. coli) O157:H7 and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) are key elements in preventing resultant life-threatening illnesses, such as hemorrhagic colitis, hemolytic uremic syndrome, and septicemia. In this report, we describe the use of surface plasmon resonance (SPR) for the(More)
Nanonization is a simple and effective method to improve dissolution rate and oral bioavailability of drugs with poor water solubility. There is growing interest to downscale the nanocrystal production to enable early preclinical evaluation of new drug candidates when compound availability is scarce. The purpose of the present study was to investigate laser(More)
Femtosecond laser radiation has been used to ablate a gold target in aqueous beta-cyclodextrin (CD) solutions to produce stable gold nanoparticle colloids with extremely small size (2 to 2.4 nm) and size dispersion (1 to 1.5 nm). On the basis of XPS and zeta-potential measurements, we propose a model involving chemical interactions between the gold and the(More)
Conditions of surface-plasmon resonance (SPR) production with use of IR pumping light (800-2300 nm) in the Kretschmann-Raether prism arrangement were investigated. Both calculations and experimental data showed that SPR characteristics in the IR are strongly influenced by the properties of the coupling prism material. Indeed, quite different regularities of(More)
Nanonization, which involves formulating the drug powder as nanometer-sized particles, is a known method to improve drug absorption and allow the intravenous administration of insoluble drugs. This study investigated a novel femtosecond (fs) laser technique for the fabrication of nanocrystals in aqueous solution of the insoluble model drug paclitaxel. Two(More)
The generation of nanobubbles around plasmonic nanostructures is an efficient approach for imaging and therapy, especially in the field of cancer research. We show a novel method using infrared femtosecond laser that generates ≈800 nm bubbles around off-resonance gold nanospheres using 200 mJ/cm(2) 45 fs pulses. We present experimental and theoretical work(More)
Pathogen detection is of utmost importance in many sectors, such as in the food industry, environmental quality control, clinical diagnostics, bio-defence and counter-terrorism. Failure to appropriately, and specifically, detect pathogenic bacteria can lead to serious consequences, and may ultimately be lethal. Public safety, new legislation, recent(More)