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TREK-1 is a two-pore-domain background potassium channel expressed throughout the central nervous system. It is opened by polyunsaturated fatty acids and lysophospholipids. It is inhibited by neurotransmitters that produce an increase in intracellular cAMP and by those that activate the Gq protein pathway. TREK-1 is also activated by volatile anesthetics(More)
OBJECTIVE Sepiapterin reductase deficiency (SRD) is an under-recognized levodopa-responsive disorder. We describe clinical, biochemical, and molecular findings in a cohort of patients with this treatable condition. We aim to improve awareness of the phenotype and available diagnostic and therapeutic strategies to reduce delayed diagnosis or misdiagnosis,(More)
Psalmotoxin 1, a peptide extracted from the South American tarantula Psalmopoeus cambridgei, has very potent analgesic properties against thermal, mechanical, chemical, inflammatory and neuropathic pain in rodents. It exerts its action by blocking acid-sensing ion channel 1a, and this blockade results in an activation of the endogenous enkephalin pathway.(More)
Senile plaque and paired helical filament (PHF) formation are characteristic of Alzheimer's disease, but the mechanisms leading to these lesions still remain unclear. To understand them better, we have performed different immunolabellings of amyloid protein and PHF. We describe a very specific immunodetection of PHF with AD2, a monoclonal antibody directed(More)
The mechanisms controlling pain in newborns during delivery are poorly understood. We explored the hypothesis that oxytocin, an essential hormone for labor and a powerful neuromodulator, exerts analgesic actions on newborns during delivery. Using a thermal tail-flick assay, we report that pain sensitivity is two-fold lower in rat pups immediately after(More)
UNLABELLED Fever-induced refractory epileptic encephalopathy in school-age children (FIRES) is a recently described epileptic entity whose etiology remains unknown. Brain abnormalities shown by MRI are usually limited to mesial-temporal structures and do not account for the catastrophic neuropsychologic findings. METHODS We conducted FIRES studies in 8(More)
The 2P domain K(+) channel TASK-3 is highly expressed in cerebellar granule neurons where it has been proposed to underlie the K(+) leak conductance, IKso. In a previous work we showed that expression of TASK-3 increases in cerebellar granule neurons as they mature in culture. Here we show that within the cerebellum, levels of TASK-3 mRNA increase as(More)
Dual label immunofluorescence was used in the brain of normal, non colchicine-treated, adult male rats in order to characterize the neurons possessing the nuclear androgen receptor in the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus. The affinity purified PG21 rabbit serum to the rat androgen receptor (AR) was used in conjunction with a polyclonal guinea pig antiserum to(More)
The relationship between peptidergic dystrophic neurites and paired helical filament (PHF)-positive neurites in Alzheimer's disease (AD) senile plaques (SPs) was studied using combined fluorescence and bright-field optics. Cryostat sections of AD hippocampi were first stained with thioflavine-S and immunolabelled with antisera raised against different(More)
The high density of opioid-containing nerve endings in the median eminence together with the absence of direct effects of opioids upon pituitary suggest a local action of opioids in the median eminence. The aim of this work was to address the occurrence of mu-opioid binding sites in the median eminence at the electron microscopic level, using the highly(More)