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Fourier transform infrared and Raman microspectroscopy are currently being developed as new methods for the rapid identification of clinically relevant microorganisms. These methods involve measuring spectra from microcolonies which have been cultured for as little as 6 h, followed by the nonsubjective identification of microorganisms through the use of(More)
A new strain, exhibiting an intriguing pink-colored cell phenotype, was obtained after an encoding alpha-glucosidase gene from an archaebacteria Thermococcus hydrothermalis was cloned by functional complementation of a mal11 Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutant TCY70. The possible implications of the alpha-glucosidase on the cell wall were evaluated by infrared(More)
Ovarian cancer is the sixth most common cancer among women worldwide, and mortality rates from this cancer are higher than for other gynecological cancers. This is attributed to a lack of reliable screening methods and the inadequacy of treatment modalities for the advanced stages of the disease. FTIR and Raman spectroscopic studies of formalin-fixed(More)
We have demonstrated that in vitro resistance of tumor cells to doxorubicin (Dox) can be fully circumvented by using doxorubicin-loaded nanospheres (Dox-NS), consisting of biodegradable polyisohexylcyanoacrylate polymers of 300 nm diameter and containing 2.83 mg of Dox per 31.5 mg of polymer. Five different multidrug-resistant cell lines, characterized by(More)
The multidrug-resistance (MR) status of camptothecin (CPT) was investigated in colon adenocarcinoma HT29 cells, leukemia K562, and breast carcinoma MCF7 cells expressing P-glycoprotein (Pgp) and/or MR-associated protein (MRP1). The concentration that induced 50% growth inhibition (IC(50)) against CPT was 0.14 and 0.20 microM in parental K562/WT and MCF7/WT(More)
The antitumor compound adriamycin was found to induce differentiation-associated properties in human erythroleukemia K 562 cells. Studies on the relationship between drug concentration and the appearance of hemoglobin demonstrated that the more the rate of cell division was reduced during the 4 days of exposure, the higher was the accumulation of hemoglobin(More)
We measured intracellular free calcium concentrations ([Ca++]i) in the subcellular compartments of Toxoplasma gondii infected living cells using microspectrofluorometry and Indo-1 staining. [Ca++]i mapping was defined in infected and uninfected cells and in the neoformed parasitophorous vacuole (PV) 24 and 48 hr after parasite inoculation. At 24 hr after(More)
Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy was used to explore structural changes in bacteria under different incubation conditions. In particular, differences between Bradyrhizobium japonicum (BRJ) grown in liquid and on solid media were investigated, as well as the rearrangement of BRJ after transfer from one medium to the other. The FT-IR absorption bands(More)
The interaction of calf-thymus DNA with aspirin is investigated in aqueous solution at pH 7-6 with drug/DNA (phosphate) molar ratios of r = 1/40, 1/20, 1/10, 1/5, 1/2, 1 and 2. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and laser Raman difference spectroscopy are used to determine drug binding sites, sequence preference and DNA secondary structure, as well as the(More)
Due to the continuous increase of human candidiasis and the great diversity of yeasts of the Candida genera, it is indispensable to identify this yeast as early as possible. Early identification enables an early diagnostic and patient-adapted anti-fungal therapy, thus reducing morbidity and mortality related to these infections. In view of this, we have in(More)