Michel Manfait

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Fourier transform infrared and Raman microspectroscopy are currently being developed as new methods for the rapid identification of clinically relevant microorganisms. These methods involve measuring spectra from microcolonies which have been cultured for as little as 6 h, followed by the nonsubjective identification of microorganisms through the use of(More)
The potential of Raman spectroscopy for ex vivo and in vivo classification of normal and glioblastoma brain tumor development was investigated. High-quality spectra of normal and tumor tissues were obtained using a portable Raman spectrometer coupled to a microprobe with a signal integration time of 5 s. Ex vivo results demonstrated that by using the(More)
Due to the continuous increase of human candidiasis and the great diversity of yeasts of the Candida genera, it is indispensable to identify this yeast as early as possible. Early identification enables an early diagnostic and patient-adapted anti-fungal therapy, thus reducing morbidity and mortality related to these infections. In view of this, we have in(More)
A new strain, exhibiting an intriguing pink-colored cell phenotype, was obtained after an encoding alpha-glucosidase gene from an archaebacteria Thermococcus hydrothermalis was cloned by functional complementation of a mal11 Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutant TCY70. The possible implications of the alpha-glucosidase on the cell wall were evaluated by infrared(More)
Intranuclear drug concentration in cells treated with doxorubicin (DXR) or with 4'-deoxy-4'-iododoxorubicin (IDX) was measured by means of a quantitative microspectrofluorometric technique recently developed by us. Resolution of free and bound drug contributions in fluorescence emission spectra, as collected from a microvolume of single living cell nuclei,(More)
We describe the effect strongly influencing the biological activity of some camptothecin (CPT) drugs, the inhibitors of DNA topoisomerase I (topo I), namely, the formation of J-type aggregates in an aqueous buffer solution. These aggregates were built up under certain dilution conditions of the stock DMSO solutions of 20-S-camptothecin (20(S)CPT),(More)
The protonation state and intracellular distribution of ellipticine were investigated in single human mammary T47D cells by confocal laser microspectrofluorimetry. In the cell nucleus, only the protonated form of ellipticine was detected as a direct consequence of its apparent pK increase upon DNA binding. Both protonated and neutral forms were present in(More)
Comparative studies of Candida albicans strains are essential for proving cross-infections in epidemiological investigations. Typing of C. albicans strains is mainly based on genotypic methods. Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy is described in this study as a novel phenotypic approach to the typing of C. albicans. The first step in the approach(More)
Complementary diagnostic methods to conventional histopathology are currently being investigated for developing rapid and objective molecular-level understanding of various disorders, especially cancers. Spectral histopathology using vibrational spectroscopic imaging has been put in the frontline as potentially promising in this regard as it provides a(More)
Non-melanoma skin cancer includes basal cell carcinoma (BCC), squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and Bowen's disease. The differential diagnosis of these lesions is sometimes difficult and relies on the histopathological examination of surgical specimens. However, a precise differential diagnosis is crucial for an accurate therapy and thus better patient care.(More)