Michel Lagarde

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N-Arachidonoylethanolamine (anandamide; AEA) and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG), the two proposed endogenous agonists of cannabinoid receptors, and the putative AEA biosynthetic precursor, N-arachidonoylphosphatidylethanolamine (NArPE), were identified in bovine retina by means of gas chromatography-electron impact mass spectrometry (GC-EIMS). This technique(More)
The apparent retroconversion of docosahexaenoic acid (22:6n-3) to eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5n-3) and docosapentaenoic acid (22:5n-3) was studied in vivo, in rats and humans, after they ingested a single dose of triacylglycerols containing [13C]22:6n-3 ([13C]22:6-triacylglycerol), without 22:6n-3 dietary supplementation. The amount of apparent(More)
Ageing is a multifactorial process involving decreased antioxidant defences and immune functions. n-3 Polyunsaturated fatty acids have been associated with human health benefits, especially against inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. However, their immunomodulatory effects were usually observed with high dosages (>2 g/d) known to increase lipid(More)
Hormones and growth factors induce in many cell types the production of phosphatidic acid (PA), which has been proposed to play a role as a second messenger. We have previously shown in an acellular system that PA selectively stimulates certain isoforms of type 4 cAMP-phosphodiesterases (PDE4). Here we studied the effect of endogenous PA on PDE activity of(More)
The amount and distribution of [(13)C]docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in plasma, platelet, and erythrocyte lipid classes were followed as a function of time (1 to 72 h) in young adults after ingestion of a single dose of [(13)C]DHA esterified in a phosphatidylcholine (PC), in using gas chromatography combustion;-isotope ratio mass spectrometry. [(13)C]DHA first(More)
We investigated the role of phospholipase D (PLD) and its product phosphatidic acid (PA) in myogenic differentiation of cultured L6 rat skeletal myoblasts. Arginine-vasopressin (AVP), a differentiation inducer, rapidly activated PLD in a Rho-dependent way, as shown by almost total suppression of activation by C3 exotoxin pretreatment. Addition of 1-butanol,(More)
12-Hydroperoxy-eicosatetraenoic acid (12-HpETE), the main hydroperoxide formed in platelets from arachidonic acid (AA) by 12-lipoxygenase, has been shown to increase the sensitivity of platelets to agonists resulting in increased aggregation. The aim of the present study was to determine the direct effect of low concentrations of 12-HpETE on the signaling(More)
A total of ten healthy elderly subjects ingested one capsule of 600 mg (corresponding to 150 mg docosahexaenoic acid and 30 mg eicosapentaenoic acid) RO-PUFA triglycerides per day and ten others ingested one capsule of 600 mg sunflower oil as a placebo for 42 days. In the n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) group, a significant decrease of systolic blood(More)
Our study aimed to establish the complete structure of the main dihydroxy conjugated triene issued from the lipoxygenation (soybean enzyme) of docosahexaenoic acid, named PDX, an isomer of protectin/neuroprotectin D1 (PD1/NPD1) described by Bazan and Serhan. NMR approaches and other chemical characterization (e.g. GC-MS, HPLC and LC-MS/MS) indicated that(More)
Prostacyclin (PGI2) contributes to the maintenance of a nonadhesive luminal surface in blood vessels due to its anti-platelet and vasodilatory properties. Here, we sought to determine whether peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) may regulate the PGI2 production of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). Cell-cell contact between HUVEC and lymphocytes(More)