Michel Krämer

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The authors describe a peculiar movement of the first cervical vertebra: the so-called paradoxical tilting of the atlas, which consists of extension in relation to McGregor's line during flexion of the cervical spine. This physiological phenomenon has already been reported by several authors. The purpose of this study was to determine the mean amplitude and(More)
Over the last years, a high demand for scenario-specific visualizations of 3D urban models has evolved. At the same time, established service specifications do not yet provide the means to define 3D map products and to deliver them in suitable formats, since they are focused on traditional 2D map products. In this paper, we present an approach for the(More)
We evaluate three Open-Source WebGL frameworks (X3DOM, three.js and Cesium) and investigate their use for geospatial applications in the Web. Over the course of one year we carried out five case studies and developed different software prototypes using these frameworks. We focus on geospatial applications since they require unique features that bring the(More)
Current 3D data capturing as implemented on for example airborne or mobile laser scanning systems is able to efficiently sample the surface of a city by billions of unselective points during one working day. What is still difficult is to extract and visualize meaningful information hidden in these point clouds with the same efficiency. This is where the FP7(More)
In this paper a new user interface for the processing of big geospatial data in the Cloud is presented. The paper focuses on the processing of Smart City data since this kind of data is inherently large and becomes more and more important for the maintenance and planning of sustainable future Smart Cities. The user interface is facilitated by(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the differences in patterns of cervical mobility diagrams obtained by the Arlen method in a control population of 240 subjects and in a group of 240 patients who had previously sustained an indirect cervical trauma. The characteristics of antero-posterior mobility of the cervical spine in the control population and(More)
The authors describe successively the radiological technique and measurement method of Arlen's radio-functional analysis of the cervical spine, the characteristics of antero-posterior cervical spine mobility in a control population and the variations observed in these characteristics according to age and sex. A few typical diagrams of radio-functional(More)