Michel Kester

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The I1-subtype of imidazoline binding sites has been characterized concerning binding specificity and tissue localization, and several physiological functions have been ascribed to it. However, the signaling pathways coupled to this putative receptor are not known. Pheochromocytoma PC12 cells express I1-imidazoline binding sites in plasma membrane and lack(More)
We have previously shown that interleukin 1 (IL-1)-receptor-generated ceramide induces growth arrest in smooth muscle pericytes by activating an upstream kinase in the stress-activated protein kinase (SAPK) cascade. We now report the mechanism by which ceramide activates the SAPK signaling pathway in human embryonic kidney cells (HEK-293). We demonstrate(More)
We sought to further elucidate signal transduction pathways for the I1-imidazoline receptor in PC12 cells by testing involvement of protein kinase C (PKC) isoforms (betaII, epsilon, zeta), and the mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) ERK and JNK. Stimulation of I1-imidazoline receptor with moxonidine increased enzymatic activity of the classical betaII(More)
Sphingosine is a product of sphingolipid metabolism that has been linked to a protein kinase C-independent mitogenic response. In previously published data, utilizing an in vitro model system for platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-induced vascular smooth muscle proliferation, we have demonstrated that sphingosine is increased at the expense of a(More)
We explored the nature and time course of the multiple signal transduction pathways for V1-vascular vasopressin (AVP) receptors of A7r5 aortic smooth muscle cells in culture by using radioligand binding techniques, intracellular calcium monitoring, and polyphosphoinositide and phospholipid analyses. V1-vascular AVP receptors of A7r5 cells were characterized(More)
Bronchial epithelial cells express the intercellular adhesion molecule-1 that mediates binding of activated neutrophils via interaction with Mac-1 and/or leukocyte function-associated antigen-1. In this study, we examined whether increased intracellular levels of adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) affected neutrophil adhesion to the human bronchial(More)
The I1-imidazoline receptor is expressed in the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) where it mediates vasodepression, and in PC12 pheochromocytoma cells where it elicits generation of diacylglycerol independent of phosphatidylinositol turnover or activation of phospholipase D. We hypothesized that the I1-imidazoline receptor couples to a(More)
Primary cultures of human tracheal epithelial (HTE) cells cultured in vitro, in defined serum-free media, express prostaglandin endoperoxide G/H synthase (PGHS) activity and produce prostaglandin E2 (PGE2). In contrast to every other cell type studied to date, HTE cells appear to constitutively express PGHS-2, the 'inducible' form of the enzyme, while(More)
Endothelin (ET) is a recently characterized vasoconstrictor hormone that has potent effects on glomerular function. Many vasoconstrictors, like ET, that stimulate phospholipase C (PLC) hydrolysis of polyphosphoinositides also stimulate phosphatidylcholine (PtdCho) hydrolysis via both PLC and phospholipase D (PLD) pathways. We have previously reported that(More)
Neointimal hyperplasia at the site of surgical intervention is a common and deleterious complication of surgery for cardiovascular diseases. We hypothesized that direct delivery of a cell-permeable growth-arresting lipid via the balloon tip of an embolectomy catheter would limit neointimal hyperplasia after stretch injury. We have previously demonstrated(More)