Michel J. Mench

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BACKGROUND, AIM, AND SCOPE The use of plants and associated microorganisms to remove, contain, inactivate, or degrade harmful environmental contaminants (generally termed phytoremediation) and to revitalize contaminated sites is gaining more and more attention. In this review, prerequisites for a successful remediation will be discussed. The performance of(More)
Soluble root exudates were collected from three plants (Nicotiana tabacum L., Nicotiana rustica L. and Zea mays L.), grown under axenic and hydroponic conditions, in order to study their metal-solubilizing ability for Cd and other cations (Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Zn). Nicotiana spp. and Zea mays L. root exudates differed markedly in C/N ratio, sugars vs. amino(More)
Five organic matters, three phosphate compounds, zerovalent iron grit (ZVIG, 2% by soil weight), two alkaline compounds, and two commercial formulations were incorporated, singly and some combined with ZVIG, into a highly Cu-contaminated topsoil (Soil P7, 2600 mg Cu kg(-1)) from a wood treatment facility. Formulations and two composts were also singly(More)
Ralstonia eutropha strain AE2515 was constructed and optimised to serve as a whole-cell biosensor for the detection of bioavailable concentrations of Ni2+ and Co2+ in soil samples. Strain AE2515 is a Ralstonia eutropha CH34 derivative containing pMOL1550, in which the cnrYXH regulatory genes are transcriptionally fused to the bioluminescent luxCDABE(More)
Plants were cultivated in a nutrient solution containing increasing cadmium concentrations (i.e. 0.001–25 µM), under strictly controlled growth conditions. Changes in both growth parameters and enzyme activities, directly or indirectly related to the cellular free radical scavenging systems, were studied in roots and leaves of 14-day-old maize plants (Zea(More)
Changes in the growth parameters and in enzyme activities were studied in roots and leaves of 14-days old maize grown in a nutrient solution containing various copper concentrations (i.e. 0.01 to 10 μM). A significant decrease in root and leaf biomass was only found at 10 μM Cu. In contrast, changes in several enzyme activities occured at lower copper(More)
Stabilization of soil contaminated with trace elements is a remediation practice that does not reduce the total content of contaminants, but lowers the amounts of mobile and bioavailable fractions. This study evaluated the efficiency of Fe(0) to reduce the mobility and bioavailability of Cr, Cu, As and Zn in a chromated copper arsenate (CCA)-contaminated(More)
The thallium (Tl) content of the upper horizons of 244 French soils was determined as the first step towards the creation of a reference data bank for total Tl content of arable soils. Forty soil samples were collected in the vicinity of potential anthropogenic sources of Tl, but the remainder came from rural areas. The distribution of Tl concentrations in(More)
Metal-contaminated soils in the vicinity of industrial sites become of ever-increasing concern. Diagnostic criteria and ecological technologies for soil remediation should be calibrated for various soil conditions; actually, our knowledge of calcareous soil is poor. Silty soils near smelters at Evin (Pas de Calais, France) have been contaminated by(More)
Lead immobilization in 10 soils contaminated with Pb from different origin was examined using lime (CaCO3), a mix of cyclonic ash and steelshots (CA+ST), and a North Carolina phosphate rock. The immobilization efficacy of the three amendments was evaluated using single (CaCl2solution) and sequential (BCR method) chemical extractions in tandem with a(More)