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Mutations in the X-linked gene doublecortin, which encodes a protein with no dear structural homologues, are found in pedigrees in which affected females show "double cortex" syndrome (DC; also known as subcortical band heterotopia or laminar heterotopia) and affected males show X-linked lissencephaly. Mutations in doublecortin also cause sporadic DC in(More)
Cerebral cavernous malformation (CCM) is a Mendelian model of stroke, characterized by focal abnormalities in small intracranial blood vessels leading to hemorrhage and consequent strokes and/or seizures. A significant fraction of cases is inherited as an autosomal dominant trait with incomplete penetrance. Among Hispanic Americans, virtually all CCM is(More)
Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) are congenital vascular anomalies of the central nervous system that can result in hemorrhagic stroke, seizures, recurrent headaches, and focal neurologic deficits. Mutations in the gene KRIT1 are responsible for type 1 CCM (CCM1). We report that a novel gene, MGC4607, exhibits eight different mutations in nine(More)
Mutations in the X-linked doublecortin gene appear in many sporadic cases of double cortex (DC; also known as subcortical band heterotopia), a neuronal migration disorder causing epilepsy and mental retardation. The purpose of this study was to examine why a significant percentage of sporadic DC patients had been found not to harbor doublecortin mutations(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop a multivariate risk factor model for predicting postoperative verbal memory decline in an individual patient following dominant or nondominant anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL). METHODS The authors studied 132 consecutive ATL patients who 1). were older than 16 years at surgery, 2). had estimated preoperative Full Scale IQ score of(More)
Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) are vascular abnormalities of the brain that can result in a variety of neurological disabilities, including hemorrhagic stroke and seizures. Mutations in the gene KRIT1 are responsible for CCM1, mutations in the gene MGC4607 are responsible for CCM2, and mutations in the gene PDCD10 are responsible for CCM3. DNA(More)
Periventricular heterotopia (PH) is a human neuronal migration disorder in which many neurons destined for the cerebral cortex fail to migrate. Previous analysis showed heterozygous mutations in the X-linked gene filamin 1 (FLN1), but examined only the first six (of 48) coding exons of the gene and hence did not assess the incidence and functional(More)
Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) are vascular abnormalities of the brain that can result in a variety of neurological disabilities, including stroke and seizures. Linkage analyses using autosomal dominant families manifesting CCMs have identified three different causative loci on chromosomes 7q21.2 (CCM1), 7p13 (CCM2), and 3q25.2-q27 (CCM3).(More)
We report a family with band heterotopia in a mother and daughter and lissencephaly in a son (X-linked inheritance pattern). Postmortem examination of the boy revealed classical lissencephaly and, among other findings, simplified and discontinuous inferior olives without inferior olivary heterotopia. The absence of inferior olivary heterotopia may(More)
While disorders of neuronal migration are associated with as much as 25% of recurrent childhood seizures, few of the genes required to establish neuronal position in cerebral cortex are known. Subcortical band heterotopia (SBH) and lissencephaly (LIS), two distinct neuronal migration disorders producing epilepsy and variable cognitive impairment, can be(More)