Learn More
Although considerable progress has been made in characterising the 5-HT1A receptor using agonists, partial agonists or non-selective antagonists, further studies of 5-HT1A receptor function have been hindered by the lack of highly selective antagonists. The term 'silent' antagonist has been used for such compounds in order to distinguish them unequivocally(More)
Rationale: Tolerance to delay of gratification, taken to reflect impulsiveness, has been proposed to be under the preferential control of central serotonin (5-HT) processes. Objective: The present study further examined the effects of drugs which directly or indirectly alter 5-HT transmission, on behaviour controlled by a delayed positive reinforcer.(More)
The 5-HT1A and 5-HT1B receptors of serotonin play important roles as auto- and heteroreceptors controlling the release of serotonin itself and of other neurotransmitters/modulators in the central nervous system (CNS). To determine the precise localization of these receptors, we examined their respective cellular and subcellular distributions in the nucleus(More)
By taking up serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) released in the extracellular space, the 5-HT transporter (5-HTT) regulates central 5-HT neurotransmission. Possible adaptive changes in 5-HT neurotransmission in knock-out mice that do not express the 5-HT transporter were investigated with special focus on 5-HT1A and 5-HT1B receptors. Specific labelling(More)
Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale U266, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique UMR 8600, Université René Descartes, Paris, France (B.P.R., F.N.); Royal Ottawa Hospital, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada (J.B.); Section on Behavioral Neuropharmacology, Experimental Therapeutics Branch, National Institute of Mental(More)
The tritiated derivative of the novel silent 5-HT1A receptor antagonist WAY 100635 [N-(2-(4-(2-methoxyphenyl)-1-piperazinyl)ethyl)-N-(2-pyridinyl) cyclohexane carboxamide] was tested as a potential radioligand of 5-HT1A receptors in the rat brain. Binding assays with membranes from various brain regions showed that [3H]WAY 100635 specifically bound to a(More)
Electrophysiological and biochemical approaches were used to assess possible changes in central 5-HT neurotransmission in mice that had been subjected to chronic ultramild stress for 8 weeks. This treatment produced a significant decrease in the potency of the 5-HT1A agonist ipsapirone to inhibit the electrical activity of serotoninergic neurons in the(More)
Hyperplasia of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PA-SMCs) is a hallmark pathological feature of primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH). Here we found that PA-SMCs from patients with PPH grow faster than PA-SMCs from controls when stimulated by serotonin or serum and that these effects are due to increased expression of the serotonin transporter (5-HTT),(More)
Serotonin (5-HT) controls a wide range of biological functions. In the brain, its implication as a neurotransmitter and in the control of behavioral traits has been largely documented. At the periphery, its modulatory role in physiological processes, such as the cardiovascular function, is still poorly understood. The rate-limiting enzyme of 5-HT synthesis,(More)
Deficiency in the monoamine degradation enzyme monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) or prenatal exposure to the monoamine uptake inhibitor cocaine alters behavior in humans and rodents, but the mechanisms are unclear. In MAOA knock-out mice, inhibiting serotonin synthesis during development can prevent abnormal segregation of axons in the retinogeniculate and(More)