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By taking up serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) released in the extracellular space, the 5-HT transporter (5-HTT) regulates central 5-HT neurotransmission. Possible adaptive changes in 5-HT neurotransmission in knock-out mice that do not express the 5-HT transporter were investigated with special focus on 5-HT1A and 5-HT1B receptors. Specific labelling(More)
Although considerable progress has been made in characterising the 5-HT1A receptor using agonists, partial agonists or non-selective antagonists, further studies of 5-HT1A receptor function have been hindered by the lack of highly selective antagonists. The term 'silent' antagonist has been used for such compounds in order to distinguish them unequivocally(More)
Antagonists at substance P receptors of the neurokinin 1 (NK1) type have been shown to represent a novel class of antidepressant drugs, with comparable clinical efficacy to the selective serotonin (5-HT) reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Because 5-HT(1A) receptors may be critically involved in the mechanisms of action of SSRIs, we examined whether these(More)
Mice lacking the dopamine transporter (DAT-/-) are characterized by high extracellular dopamine levels and spontaneous hyperlocomotion. We performed a detailed analysis of the behavioural phenotype of DAT-/- mice in order to identify other behavioural impairments associated with the hyperdopaminergic tone of these mutant mice. In particular, we investigated(More)
The 5-HT1A and 5-HT1B receptors of serotonin play important roles as auto- and heteroreceptors controlling the release of serotonin itself and of other neurotransmitters/modulators in the central nervous system (CNS). To determine the precise localization of these receptors, we examined their respective cellular and subcellular distributions in the nucleus(More)
RATIONALE Mice lacking the dopamine transporter (DAT(-/-)) exhibit high extracellular dopamine levels and marked hyperactivity. This hyperlocomotion is paradoxically decreased by acute administration of amphetamine-like psychostimulants, an effect that has been previously related to the activation of serotonergic neurotransmission. OBJECTIVES The goal of(More)
The involvement of cholecystokinin (CCK) in the mechanisms of stress and/or anxiety was assessed by in vivo microdialysis in rats subjected to a social stress paradigm. During the initial 30 min period of each conditioning session, a male Sprague Dawley rat (intruder) was placed in a protective cage inside the cage of a male Tryon Maze Dull rat (resident),(More)
The characteristics of the spontaneous firing of serotoninergic neurons in the dorsal raphe nucleus and its control by serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) receptors were investigated in wild-type and 5-HT1B knock-out (5-HT1B-/-) mice of the 129/Sv strain, anaesthetized with chloral hydrate. In both groups of mice, 5-HT neurons exhibited a regular activity(More)
Measurements of tissue levels of monoamines and their metabolites, and of the rates of 5-hydroxytryptophan and dihydroxy-phenylalanine accumulation after blockade of aromatic amino acid decarboxylase by benserazid indicated that ipsapirone (1-10 mg/kg i.p.) decreased 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) turnover and accelerated dopamine (DA) turnover in various brain(More)