Learn More
The Sry-related protein Sox10 is selectively expressed in neural crest cells during early stages of development and in glial cells of the peripheral and central nervous systems during late development and in the adult. Mutation of the Sox10 gene leads to neural crest defects in the Dominant megacolon mouse mutant and to combined Waardenburg-Hirschsprung(More)
Waardenburg syndrome (WS; deafness with pigmentary abnormalities) and Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR; aganglionic megacolon) are congenital disorders caused by defective function of the embryonic neural crest. WS and HSCR are associated in patients with Waardenburg-Shah syndrome (WS4), whose symptoms are reminiscent of the white coat-spotting and aganglionic(More)
Mutations in SOX10, a transcription modulator crucial in the development of the enteric nervous system (ENS), melanocytes and glial cells, are found in Shah-Waardenburg syndrome (WS4), a neurocristopathy that associates intestinal aganglionosis, pigmentation defects and sensorineural deafness. Expression of MITF and RET, two genes that play important roles(More)
Isolated congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (CBAVD) is an autosomal recessive disorder which has recently been shown to be associated with cystic fibrosis (CF) mutations. As part of an effort to understanding the genetic basis of this disorder, we have analysed the entire coding sequence and all the intron/exon boundaries of the cystic(More)
The spectrum of cystic fibrosis (CF) mutations was determined in 105 patients by using denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis to screen the entire coding regions and adjacent cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene sequences. The nucleotide substitutions detected included 16 novel mutations, 11 previously described defects, and 11(More)
Hirschsprung disease (HD) has been described in association with microcephaly, mental retardation and characteristic facial features, delineating a syndrome possibly caused by mutations localized at chromosome 2q22--q23. We have analyzed a de novo translocation breakpoint at 2q22 in one patient presenting with this syndrome, and identified a gene, SIP1,(More)
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is a recessively inherited disorder that is common in patients of Armenian ancestry. To date, its diagnosis, which can be made only retrospectively, is one of exclusion, based entirely on nonspecific clinical signs that result from serosal inflammation and that may lead to unnecessary surgery. Renal amyloidosis, prevented(More)
The spontaneous mouse mutant Dominant megacolon (Dom) is a valuable model for the study of human congenital megacolon (Hirschsprung disease). Here we report that the defect in the Dom mouse is caused by mutation of the gene encoding the Sry-related transcription factor Sox10. This assignment is based on (i) colocalization of the Sox10 gene with the Dom(More)
Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a group of heterogeneous disorders of unknown origin, usually inherited as an autosomal recessive trait. Its phenotype is characterized by axonemal abnormalities of respiratory cilia and sperm tails leading to bronchiectasis and sinusitis, which are sometimes associated with situs inversus (Kartagener syndrome) and male(More)
The Yemenite deaf-blind hypopigmentation syndrome was first observed in a Yemenite sister and brother showing cutaneous hypopigmented and hyperpigmented spots and patches, microcornea, coloboma and severe hearing loss. A second case, observed in a girl with similar skin symptoms and hearing loss but without microcornea or coloboma, was reported as a mild(More)