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OBJECTIVE To assess the production mechanism of anti-GQ1b autoantibody in Fisher syndrome (FS). METHODS The authors conducted a prospective case-control serologic study of five antecedent infections (Campylobacter jejuni, cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr virus, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, and Haemophilus influenzae) in 73 patients with FS and 73 sex- and(More)
Ganglioside mimicry by Campylobacter jejuni lipo-oligosaccharide (LOS) is thought to be a critical factor in the triggering of the Guillain-Barré and Miller-Fisher syndrome neuropathies after C. jejuni infection. The combination of a completed genome sequence and a ganglioside GM1-like LOS structure makes C. jejuni NCTC 11168 a useful model strain for the(More)
The genes encoding the alpha-2,3-sialyltransferases involved in lipooligosaccharide biosynthesis from Neisseria meningitidis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae have been cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. A high sensitivity enzyme assay using a synthetic fluorescent glycosyltransferase acceptor and capillary electrophoresis was used to screen a genomic(More)
Sialic acid terminates oligosaccharide chains on mammalian and microbial cell surfaces, playing critical roles in recognition and adherence. The enzymes that transfer the sialic acid moiety from cytidine-5'-monophospho-N-acetyl-neuraminic acid (CMP-NeuAc) to the terminal positions of these key glycoconjugates are known as sialyltransferases. Despite their(More)
We have applied two strategies for the cloning of four genes responsible for the biosynthesis of the GT1a ganglioside mimic in the lipooligosaccharide (LOS) of a bacterial pathogen, Campylobacter jejuni OH4384, which has been associated with Guillain-Barré syndrome. We first cloned a gene encoding an alpha-2, 3-sialyltransferase (cst-I) using an activity(More)
When fed to a beta-galactosidase-negative (lacZ(-)) Escherichia coli strain that was grown on an alternative carbon source (such as glycerol), lactose accumulated intracellularly on induction of the lactose permease. We showed that intracellular lactose was efficiently glycosylated when genes of glycosyltransferase that use lactose as acceptor were(More)
Glycomics, the study of microbial polysaccharides and genes responsible for their formation, requires the continuous development of rapid and sensitive methods for the identification of glycan structures. In this study, methods for the direct analysis of sugars from 108 to 1010 cells are outlined using the human gastrointestinal pathogen, Campylobacter(More)
We recently demonstrated that Campylobacter jejuni produces a capsular polysaccharide (CPS) that is the major antigenic component of the classical Penner serotyping system distinguishing Campylobacter into >60 groups. Although the wide variety of C. jejuni serotypes are suggestive of structural differences in CPS, the genetic mechanisms of such differences(More)
Mice were immunized with various antigens in complete Freund's adjuvant following various injection schedules. Hybridomas were produced from the spleens of these immunized mice and examined for production of antibodies directed against the antigen injected and against a panel of self (tubulin, actin, myosin, DNA) and non-self antigens (myoglobin, spectrin,(More)
Two monoclonal IgM natural autoantibodies (E7 and D23) obtained from the fusion of normal, nonimmunized, BALB/c mouse spleen cells and nonsecreting myeloma cells were selected on the basis of their polyreactivity with auto- and xenoantigens and chemical haptens. Nucleotide sequence analysis of the variable and constant regions of the heavy and light chains(More)