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Dopamine (DA)-containing projections to the cerebral cortex are considered to play an important role in cognitive processes. Using a recently developed monoclonal antiserum directed against DA and an antibody directed against tyrosine hydroxylase in combination with Golgi impregnation and electron microscopy, we have observed that DA and tyrosine(More)
Antibodies against gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-glutaraldehyde-lysine were obtained by using a procedure based upon (i) a high yield of coupling of GABA to protein carriers, (ii) the reduction of the resulting immunoreactive double bonds, and (iii) a protocol of alternative immunizations using different immunogens having in common only the(More)
Dopamine was coupled to bovine serum albumin (BSA) with glutaraldehyde, precautions were taken in order to preserve the catechol ring. After injection of this immunogen into rabbits, anti-dopamine antibodies were obtained and tested using radioimmunochemical binding studies and adsorption to catecholamine covered sepharose beads. A good correlation was(More)
The existence of GABAergic neurons in the rat suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) was demonstrated by three specific markers; mRNA coding for glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) and visualized by in situ hybridization using a 35S-labelled cDNA probe, and GAD protein and GABA were identified by immunocytochemistry using specific antisera. In situ hybridization(More)
Converging data suggest that nitric oxide (NO) production by cytokine-induced immune cells in demyelinating lesions is involved in multiple sclerosis (MS). High levels of NO may complex to suitable amino acids, causing an immune response against the formed neo-epitopes. By testing MS sera with chemically defined nitroso-amino acids conjugated to carrier(More)
Activated macrophages exert an L-arginine-dependent cytostatic effect on the extracellular parasite, Trypanosoma musculi. This effect is not observed in the absence of albumin in the culture medium but is restored by the addition of albumin, indicating the presence of an albumin-nitric oxide (NO) adduct acting as an effector molecule. Since L-cysteine(More)
The aim of the present study is to examine whether aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AADC) catalyzes the conversion of exogenous L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA) to dopamine in serotonin neurons of the rat dorsal raphe nucleus. First, in order to confirm the localization of AADC in central serotonin neurons, we used an immunoperoxidase method for(More)
OBJECTIVE Depression is accompanied by activation of immuno-inflammatory and oxidative and nitrosative stress (IO&NS) pathways, and increased IgM/IgA responses to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of gram-negative commensal bacteria. The latter suggests that bacterial translocation has caused IgM/IgA responses directed against LPS. Bacterial translocation may drive(More)
Peroxidase-antiperoxidase electron microscope immunocytochemistry with an antiserum against noradrenaline-glutaraldehyde-protein conjugate was used to identify cortical noradrenaline terminals (axonal varicosities) from the upper layers of the frontal, parietal and occipital cortex in adult rat. A large number of immunostained varicosities were examined in(More)
An antiserum that has been raised against glutaraldehyde-conjugated dopamine was used to demonstrate specifically dopamine in the rat hypothalamus. This dopamine antiserum permitted an optimal fixation with glutaraldehyde and therefore enabled the simultaneous light and electron microscopic immunocytochemical localization of dopamine. It was demonstrated(More)