Michel G Mazmanian

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RATIONALE Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) promotes the proliferation and migration of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs), and may play a role in the progression of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), a condition characterized by proliferation of PASMCs resulting in the obstruction of small pulmonary arteries. OBJECTIVES To analyze the(More)
Haematopoietic c-kit+ progenitor cells may contribute to pulmonary vascular remodelling and pulmonary hypertension (PH). Stromal derived factor-1 (SDF-1/CXCL12) and its receptors CXCR4 and CXCR7 have been shown to be critical for homing and mobilisation of haematopoietic c-kit+ progenitor cells in the perivascular niche. We administered AMD3100, a CXCR4(More)
Inhibition of tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), levels of which are increased in the blood of cirrhotic rats, prevents hyperdynamic circulatory state, mainly by decreasing the vascular overproduction of nitric oxide. Hepatopulmonary syndrome, which is characterised by intrapulmonary vascular dilatation and increased alveolar to arterial oxygen(More)
Hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) is characterized by intrapulmonary vascular dilatations and an increased alveoloarterial oxygen difference (AaPO(2)). These abnormalities are related to augmented pulmonary nitric oxide (NO) production, dependent primarily on increases in the expression and activity of inducible NO-synthase (iNOS) within pulmonary(More)
Pulmonary hypertension is characterised by a progressive increase in pulmonary arterial resistance due to endothelial and smooth muscle cell proliferation resulting in chronic obstruction of small pulmonary arteries. There is evidence that inflammatory mechanisms may contribute to the pathogenesis of human and experimental pulmonary hypertension. The aim of(More)
Lung transplantation is associated with complications such as reperfusion injury and graft rejection. Gene therapy targeted to the graft offers a promising approach to the prevention of these complications. Because adenovirus vectors can transfer genes in vivo to the lung vasculature, we evaluated the feasibility of adenovirus-mediated gene transfer to the(More)
Lung ischemia-reperfusion results in a decrease in the release of nitric oxide (NO) by the pulmonary endothelium. NO may have lung-protective effects by decreasing neutrophil accumulation in the lung. We tested whether NO inhalation would attenuate reperfusion-induced endothelial dysfunction and increases in microvascular permeability and total pulmonary(More)
Common bile duct ligation (CBDL) induces biliary cirrhosis and pulmonary vasodilatation. We tested whether CBDL ameliorates monocrotaline (MCT)-induced pulmonary hypertension (PH) in rats. Five groups of rats were studied: controls; rats dosed with MCT (60 mg.kg(-1) subcutaneously); CBDL; rats dosed with MCT followed by CBDL on day 7; and rats dosed with(More)
The hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) is characterized by intrapulmonary vascular dilatations and an increased alveolar-arterial oxygen difference (AaPO(2)). Exhaled nitric oxide (NO) concentrations are elevated, suggesting that pulmonary NO overproduction may be the mechanism underlying HPS. We investigated whether common bile duct ligation in rats results in(More)
Hyperoxia and ischemia-reperfusion cause profound lung cellular damage mediated, in part, by generation of oxygen radicals. We hypothesized that gene therapy can be used to overcome oxidant injury by augmenting intracellular antioxidant enzymes. Adult rats were injected intratracheally with an adenovirus (Ad) vector encoding human superoxide dismutase(More)