Michel G. D. Kester

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Donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) into patients with a relapse of their leukemia or multiple myeloma after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT) has been shown to be a successful treatment approach. The hematopoiesis-restricted minor histocompatibility antigens (mHAgs) HA-1 or HA-2 expressed on malignant cells of the recipient may serve as target(More)
Donor-derived T lymphocytes directed against minor histocompatibility antigens (mHags) exclusively expressed on cells of the hematopoietic lineages can eliminate hematologic malignancies. Transfer of T-cell receptors (TCRs) directed against these mHags into T lymphocytes may provide a strategy to generate antileukemic T cells. To investigate the feasibility(More)
Graft-versus-host disease and graft rejection are major complications of allogeneic HLA-mismatched stem cell transplantation or organ transplantation that are caused by alloreactive T cells. Because a range of acute viral infections have been linked to initiating these complications, we hypothesized that the cross-reactive potential of virus-specific memory(More)
Accumulating evidence suggests that alloreactive memory T-cells may be generated as a result of viral infection. So far, a suitable tool to define the individual human leukocyte antigen (HLA) cross-reactivity of virus-specific memory T-cells is not available. We therefore aimed to develop a novel system for the detection of cross-reactive alloresponses(More)
Genetic engineering of T lymphocytes is an attractive strategy to specifically redirect T-cell immunity toward viral infections and malignancies. We previously demonstrated redirected antileukemic reactivity of cytomegalovirus (CMV)-specific T cells by transfer of minor histocompatibility antigen HA-2-specific T-cell receptors (TCRs). HA-2-TCR-transferred(More)
Graft rejection or graft-versus-host (GVH) disease after HLA-identical stem cell transplantation is the result of recognition of minor histocompatibility antigens (mHags) by immunocompetent T lymphocytes from recipient or donor origin, respectively. Cytolytic T lymphocyte (CTL) clones can be isolated during graft rejection and GVH disease to identify mHags(More)
Type 1 diabetes is a T cell-mediated autoimmune disease, and insulin is an important target of the autoimmune response associated with beta cell destruction. The mechanism of destruction is still unknown. Here, we provide evidence for CD8 T cell autoreactivity associated with recurrent autoimmunity and loss of beta cell function in type 1 diabetic islet(More)
We report the efficient identification of four human histocompatibility leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A(*)0201-presented cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) epitopes in the tumor-associated antigen PRAME using an improved "reverse immunology" strategy. Next to motif-based HLA-A(*)0201 binding prediction and actual binding and stability assays, analysis of in vitro(More)
Minor histocompatibility antigens (mHags) play an important role in both graft-versus-tumor effects and graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after allogeneic stem cell transplantation. We applied biochemical techniques and mass spectrometry to identify the peptide recognized by a dominant tumor-reactive donor T-cell reactivity isolated from a patient with(More)
Peptides presented by human leukocyte antigen (HLA) molecules on the cell surface play a crucial role in adaptive immunology, mediating the communication between T cells and antigen presenting cells. Knowledge of these peptides is of pivotal importance in fundamental studies of T cell action and in cellular immunotherapy and transplantation. In this paper(More)