Michel E Xilinas

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Inhibition of neocortical beta-amyloid (Abeta) accumulation may be essential in an effective therapeutic intervention for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Cu and Zn are enriched in Abeta deposits in AD, which are solubilized by Cu/Zn-selective chelators in vitro. Here we report a 49% decrease in brain Abeta deposition (-375 microg/g wet weight, p = 0.0001) in a(More)
BACKGROUND Alzheimer disease (AD) may be caused by the toxic accumulation of beta-amyloid (Abeta). OBJECTIVE To test this theory, we developed a clinical intervention using clioquinol, a metal-protein-attenuating compound (MPAC) that inhibits zinc and copper ions from binding to Abeta, thereby promoting Abeta dissolution and diminishing its toxic(More)
Biometals play an important role in Alzheimer disease, and recent reports have described the development of potential therapeutic agents based on modulation of metal bioavailability. The metal ligand clioquinol (CQ) has shown promising results in animal models and small phase clinical trials; however, the actual mode of action in vivo has not been(More)
Clioquinol is a hydroxyquinoline antibiotic that has been associated with severe side-effects in the CNS. The syndrome caused by clioquinol treatment, subacute myelo-optic neuropathy (SMON), is considered as one of the worst drug disasters of this century. The precise biochemical mechanism behind SMON is not fully understood. Clioquinol can form strong(More)
As heavy metal ions may be implicated in the formation of senile plaques in Alzheimer-afflicted brains, treatment with clioquinol was tested in 20 patients with Alzheimer's disease. Clioquinol is a chelator that crosses the blood-brain barrier and has greater affinity for zinc and copper ions than for calcium and magnesium ions. Treatment was given for 21(More)
The pharmacokinetics, safety, and tolerance of linopiridine ([3,3-bis(4-pyridinylmethyl)-1-phenylindolin-2-one]; DuP 996) a potential therapeutic agent for Alzheimer's disease, were assessed in double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized studies in which single oral doses were given to 64 healthy young or elderly males. Young subjects received escalating(More)
The production of lipase and phospolipase by certain members of the Enterobacteriaceae was examined by thin-layer chromatography of resting-cell suspensions incubated with triolein or lecithin. Most strains of Serratia marcescens produced both enzymes while most strains of Serratia liquefaciens exhibited strong lipase but only a minor phospholipase(More)
A synthetic basal salts medium containing inositol as the sole source for carbon and energy and bromothymol blue as pH indicator, selectively supports the growth of Klebsiella pneumoniae and Serratia spp. On this medium incubated at 37 degrees C for 24 hr, all cultures of Kl. pneumoniae, Serratia liquefaciens and S. marcescens form yellow colonies. The(More)