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Two distinct and parallel research communities have been working along the lines of the Model-Based Diagnosis approach: the FDI community and the DX community that have evolved in the fields of Automatic Control and Artificial Intelligence, respectively. This paper clarifies and links the concepts that underlie the FDI analytical redundancy approach and the(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the relevance of exposure and host biological factors in the heterogeneity of the clinical, radiological and inflammatory picture of neurocysticercosis (NCC). METHODS 105 Mexican symptomatic NCC patients confirmed by imaging were studied before they received any specific treatment. The relationships studied were those between a) the(More)
The Limousin region had at present one of the largest elderly populations in France and in Europe. To determine the frequency of certain neurological disorders in the elderly, a neuroepidemiological survey was conducted in 1986-1987 on a representative sample of the population in Haute-Vienne (the most population-dense department in the Limousin region).(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disorder affecting motor neurons. Glutamate, a potent central-nervous-system toxin, has been proposed as one possible factor in this motoneuron disease. Serum from patients with ALS is known to be toxic when added to neurons in culture. We report on the toxicity to rat neurons in culture of(More)
OBJECTIVE To carry out a door-to-door survey in rural areas of the Cordillera Province, Santa Cruz Department, Bolivia, to determine the prevalence of neurologic diseases (epilepsy, stroke, parkinsonism, and peripheral neuropathy) in a sample of approximately 10,000 inhabitants. METHODS A team of nondoctor health workers administered a standard screening(More)
Taenia solium cysticercosis is a major public health problem in several areas of the world. While the disease has a recognized etiologic agent, its definitive histological diagnosis is not possible in most cases because this parasite tends to lodge in cerebral tissues where routine biopsy is not feasible. Therefore, the diagnosis of human cysticercosis (and(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a progressive neurological disease of unknown etiology and fatal outcome. Patient management can be aided by careful assessment of prognostic factors. A prospective study of 158 patients was carried out to examine the prognostic significance of age and clinical form at onset. The overall 5-year survival rate was 14.7%. The(More)
Paraplegia caused by irreversible lesions of the spinal cord is one of the major possible complications after scoliosis surgery. Several monitoring methods have been proposed but none are completely satisfactory. Since 1986 the authors assessed motor pathways during scoliosis surgery, using electrical stimulation of the motor cortex and lower limb muscle(More)
An epidemiology study was conducted in Tone, a city in the very north of Togo from November 1 to 25, 1995. The prevalence of epilepsy was studied in 9,155 subjects and seroprevalence of cysticercosis in 1,343. This was a representative sample of this region with 194,000 inhabitants. The prevalence of epilepsy was 18.6 per 1 000 inhabitants. A causal(More)
PURPOSE Identify epilepsy-associated factors and calculate measures of impact, stigma, quality of life (QOL), knowledge-attitude-practice (KAP) and treatment gap in Prey Veng, Cambodia. METHODS This first Cambodian population-based case-control study had 96 epileptologist-confirmed epilepsy cases and 192 randomly selected matched healthy controls.(More)