Michel Dumas

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The study included 140 patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and 280 non-Parkinson age-matched controls to evaluate environmental risk factors associated with PD. The effect of exposure to environmental and dietary factors was determined using conditional logistic regression. This multivariate analysis showed that PD in first-degree relatives and tea(More)
Taenia solium cysticercosis is a major public health problem in several areas of the world. While the disease has a recognized etiologic agent, its definitive histological diagnosis is not possible in most cases because this parasite tends to lodge in cerebral tissues where routine biopsy is not feasible. Therefore, the diagnosis of human cysticercosis (and(More)
Human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) is caused by infestation with a flagellate protozoan, the trypanosome which is inoculated by the bite of the tsetse fly Glossina. The particular ecological conditions of parasites and vectors are such that the disease is only found in the intertropical regions of Africa. Although there are many species of trypanosomes,(More)
We report the results of a seroepidemiological study on the prevalence of cysticercosis in Bénin. Cluster sampling at 3 levels was performed in the 6 départements (Atacora, Borgou, Zou, Mono, Atlantique and Oueme) and 2625 serum samples, from 1329 adult females and 1296 adult males, were collected. Antibodies against Taenia solium cysticerci were first(More)
Neurocysticercosis is an infection of the nervous system caused by Taenia solium. It is the most important human parasitic neurological disease and a common cause of epilepsy in Africa, Asia, and Latin America, representing enormous costs for anticonvulsants, medical resources and lost production. Neurocysticercosis is a human-to-human infection, acquired(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of epilepsy was estimated in two villages of 3134 inhabitants, in Benin, in April and May 1997 using the capture-recapture method. METHODS Information was obtained from (i) a door-to-door cross-sectional study, (ii) a non-medical source consisting of key informants (traditional practitioners, teachers, village leaders, and(More)
Diagnosis of central nervous system (CNS) involvement in sleeping sickness is crucial in order to give an appropriate treatment regimen. Neurological symptoms occur late, therefore field diagnosis is based on white blood cell count, total protein concentration and presence of trypanosomes in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). More sensitive and specific parameters(More)
Sleeping sickness patients are classically described as sleepy by day and restless by night. Prior to this study, we had objectively confirmed this description by recording 24-h sleep patterns in a patient with human African trypanosomiasis. We report 24-h polysomnographic recordings (EEG, electrooculogram, electromyogram, electrocardiogram, and nasal,(More)
Human neurocysticercosis (NC) is a parasitic disease caused by TAENIA SOLIUM when its larvae lodge in the central nervous system. NC prevalence estimates are obscured by the variable and often asymptomatic clinical picture. While infection depends on exposure, severity is possibly related with various host factors (immunity, genes and gender). This(More)
OBJECTIVE To carry out a door-to-door survey in rural areas of the Cordillera Province, Santa Cruz Department, Bolivia, to determine the prevalence of neurologic diseases (epilepsy, stroke, parkinsonism, and peripheral neuropathy) in a sample of approximately 10,000 inhabitants. METHODS A team of nondoctor health workers administered a standard screening(More)