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BACKGROUND Glycoprotein hormones influence the development and function of the ovary, testis and thyroid by binding to specific high-affinity receptors. The extracellular domains of these receptors are members of the leucine-rich repeat (LRR) protein superfamily and are responsible for the high-affinity binding. The crystal structure of a glycoprotein(More)
We investigated the effects of IL-6 and a chimeric derivative of IL-6 and soluble IL-6 receptor (IL6RIL6 chimera) on excitotoxic injury in rat organotypic hippocampal slices. Brief application of N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) induced astrocyte reactivity, neuron cell death, and oligodendrocyte degeneration, the latter caused by secondary activation of(More)
Neuropathy is the most severe and the least understood complication of diabetes. We investigated the potential neuroprotective effect of IL-6 therapy in an experimental model of diabetic neuropathy. A single i.v. injection of streptozotocin (STZ, 55 mg/kg) was used to induce experimental diabetes in adult males. IL-6 (1, 10 or 30 microg/kg) was(More)
Inhibitor of κB (IκB) kinase (IKK) phosphorylates IκB proteins, leading to their degradation and the liberation of nuclear factor κB for gene transcription. Here we report the crystal structure of IKKβ in complex with an inhibitor, at a resolution of 3.6 Å. The structure reveals a trimodular architecture comprising the kinase domain, a ubiquitin-like domain(More)
Ciliary neurotrophic factor prevents behavioural deficits and striatal degeneration in rat and primate models of Huntington's disease. Interleukin-6, another member of the cytokine family, and the chimeric molecule (IL6/IL6R) in which interleukin-6 and its soluble receptor are fused, have been shown to exert trophic action on various neuronal populations in(More)
We investigated the effects of a chimeric protein (IL6RIL6 chimera) containing interleukin-6 (IL-6) fused to its soluble receptor (sIL-6R) on the proliferation and/or differentiation of rat oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPCs) and on oligodendrocyte survival. Exposure of OPCs to IL6RIL6 chimera for 48 h induced a dose-dependent decrease of(More)
NF-kappaB interferes with the effect of most anti-cancer drugs through induction of anti-apoptotic genes. Targeting NF-kappaB is therefore expected to potentiate conventional treatments in adjuvant strategies. Here we used a pharmacological inhibitor of the IKK2 kinase (AS602868) to block NF-kappaB activation. In human colon cancer cells, inhibition of(More)
1 Inhibitor of kB (IkB) kinase (IKK) phosphorylates IkB proteins, leading to their degradation and the liberation of nuclear factor kB for gene transcription. Here we report the crystal structure of IKKb in complex with an inhibitor, at a resolution of 3.6 A ˚. The structure reveals a trimodular architecture comprising the kinase domain, a ubiquitin-like(More)
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