Michel Dreano

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Inhibitor of κB (IκB) kinase (IKK) phosphorylates IκB proteins, leading to their degradation and the liberation of nuclear factor κB for gene transcription. Here we report the crystal structure of IKKβ in complex with an inhibitor, at a resolution of 3.6 Å. The structure reveals a trimodular architecture comprising the kinase domain, a ubiquitin-like domain(More)
The lymphocyte activation gene-3 (LAG-3), selectively transcribed in human activated T and NK cells, encodes a ligand for major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II molecules. Like CD4, LAG-3 ectodomain is composed of four Ig-like domains (D1-D4). Nothing is known about the LAG-3 regions or residues required to form a stable MHC class II binding site.(More)
We investigated the effects of IL-6 and a chimeric derivative of IL-6 and soluble IL-6 receptor (IL6RIL6 chimera) on excitotoxic injury in rat organotypic hippocampal slices. Brief application of N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) induced astrocyte reactivity, neuron cell death, and oligodendrocyte degeneration, the latter caused by secondary activation of(More)
BACKGROUND Glycoprotein hormones influence the development and function of the ovary, testis and thyroid by binding to specific high-affinity receptors. The extracellular domains of these receptors are members of the leucine-rich repeat (LRR) protein superfamily and are responsible for the high-affinity binding. The crystal structure of a glycoprotein(More)
This study was conducted to investigate the potential neuroprotective effect of IL-6 on chemotherapy induced neuropathy (CIN). IL-6 was compared to four-methylcatechol (4-MC)-a known inducer of NGF secretion previously shown to exhibit neuroprotective effects in CIN models. Three CIN models were used; two in rats (cisplatin and vincristine) and one in mice(More)
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells carry molecular defects that promote their leukemic proliferation, resistance to apoptosis and defect in differentiation. Pharmacological targeting of the nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) pathway has been shown to promote apoptosis of primary AML cells and to sensitize blasts to neoplastic drugs (Frelin, Blood 2005, 105,(More)
Various genes containing different transcriptional regulatory elements (TRE) and the bacterial marker gene coding for chloramphenicol acetyl transferase were transfected into several fish cell lines to evaluate the efficiency of expression in comparison with mammalian cells. The CMV and RSV TRE were the most efficient non-inducible promoters in directing(More)
Inhibitor of kB (IkB) kinase (IKK) phosphorylates IkB proteins, leading to their degradation and the liberation of nuclear factorkB forgene transcription.Herewe report the crystal structure of IKKb in complexwith an inhibitor, at a resolution of 3.6 Å. The structure reveals a trimodular architecture comprising the kinase domain, a ubiquitin-like domain(More)
NF-kappaB transcription factors promote survival in numerous cell types via induction of antiapoptotic genes. Pharmacological blockade of the IKK2 kinase with AS602868, a specific inhibitor that competes with ATP binding, prevented TNF-alpha-induced NF-kappaB activation in Jurkat leukemic T cells. While TNF-alpha by itself had no effect on Jurkat survival,(More)
PURPOSE A key molecular feature of cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (CTCL) is the constitutive activation of the nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) transcription factor. We investigated in vitro the effects on CTCL survival and chemoresistance of a specific inhibition of IkappaB kinase subunit 2 (IKK2). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Selective IKK2 inhibition was carried(More)