Michel Desrochers

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It is difficult to identify genes that predispose to prostate cancer due to late age at diagnosis, presence of phenocopies within high-risk pedigrees and genetic complexity. A genome-wide scan of large, high-risk pedigrees from Utah has provided evidence for linkage to a locus on chromosome 17p. We carried out positional cloning and mutation screening(More)
Partial characterization of an extracellular xylanase isolated by chromatography from Bacillus subtilis gave a molecular weight of 32,000 and optimum pH and temperature of 5.0 and 50 degrees C, respectively. K(m) and V(max) values, determined with a soluble larchwood xylan, were 0.16% and 7.0 x 10 mumol min mg of enzyme respectively. The amino acid(More)
Screening fifteen strains of white-rot fungi for their ability to decolorize combined bleached kraft effluent showed that Coriolus versicolor in liquid culture removed over 60% of the color of the effluent within six days in the presence of sucrose. Treatment of the same effluent with this fungus, immobilized in beads of calcium alginate gel, resulted in(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS A cDNA (2.7 kb) encoding a rat liver basolateral Na(+)-independent organic anion transporter (oatp) has recently been cloned. The aim of the present study was to clarify the mechanisms of bile formation during development. METHODS The ontogenic expression of oatp was examined by northern blot analysis and in situ hybridization in rat(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS In rats with cholestasis due to bile duct ligation, the expression of the Na+-dependent taurocholate co-transporting polypeptide, the major uptake system for conjugated bile acids in hepatocytes, is down-regulated. Our purpose was to examine the expression of the organic anion transporting polypeptide, a Na+-independent uptake system for(More)
The secretion of 1,4-beta-D-glucanases by the basidiomycete Schizophyllum commune in response to cellulose or cellobiose has been studied. The proteins were labeled with 35S, and the secretion of enzymes was measured by beta-glucosidase and carboxymethyl cellulase activities and by immunoprecipitation with specific antibodies. The antigen proteins used were(More)
A gene coding for xylanase synthesis in Bacillus subtilis was isolated by direct shotgun cloning using Escherichia coli as a host. Following partial digestion of B. subtilis chromosomal DNA with PstI or EcoRI restriction enzymes, fragments ranging from 3 to 7 kb were introduced into the PstI or EcoRI sites of pBR325. Transformed colonies having lost either(More)
A gene coding for xylanase (endo-1,4-β-d-xylan xylanohydrolase, EC from Bacillus subtilis PAP115 has been isolated and its complete nucleotide sequence determined. Starting from an ATG initiator codon, an open reading frame coding for 213 amino acids was found. The N terminus of the processed enzyme as expressed in Escherichia coli was located by(More)
Several mono-, di, tetra-, and polysaccharides were screened for their ability to induced cellulase production by the tetrapolar hymenomycete Schizophyllum commune. Out of 21 carbohydrates screened, 4 (thiocellobiose, carboxymethylcellulose, cellobiose, and xylan) induced all three enzymes tested (carboxymethylcellulase, beta-glucosidase, and xylanase). The(More)
A new type of heme-deficient mutant of Salmonella typhimurium LT2 was isolated using neomycin. The mutant, designated as strain SASY74, accumulated uroporphyrin I and coproporphyrin I. Extracts of the mutant converted 5-aminolevulinic acid to uroporphyrin I. Extracts of the mutant SASY74 and of the uroporphyrinogen synthase-deficient mutant SASY32(More)